Testing the suitability of geologic frameworks for extrapolating hydraulic properties across regional scales

Hydrogeology Journal
By: , and 



The suitability of geologic frameworks for extrapolating hydraulic conductivity (K) to length scales commensurate with hydraulic data is difficult to assess. A novel method is presented for evaluating assumed relations between K and geologic interpretations for regional-scale groundwater modeling. The approach relies on simultaneous interpretation of multiple aquifer tests using alternative geologic frameworks of variable complexity, where each framework is incorporated as prior information that assumes homogeneous K within each model unit. This approach is tested at Pahute Mesa within the Nevada National Security Site (USA), where observed drawdowns from eight aquifer tests in complex, highly faulted volcanic rocks provide the necessary hydraulic constraints. The investigated volume encompasses 40 mi3 (167 km3) where drawdowns traversed major fault structures and were detected more than 2 mi (3.2 km) from pumping wells. Complexity of the five frameworks assessed ranges from an undifferentiated mass of rock with a single unit to 14 distinct geologic units. Results show that only four geologic units can be justified as hydraulically unique for this location. The approach qualitatively evaluates the consistency of hydraulic property estimates within extents of investigation and effects of geologic frameworks on extrapolation. Distributions of transmissivity are similar within the investigated extents irrespective of the geologic framework. In contrast, the extrapolation of hydraulic properties beyond the volume investigated with interfering aquifer tests is strongly affected by the complexity of a given framework. Testing at Pahute Mesa illustrates how this method can be employed to determine the appropriate level of geologic complexity for large-scale groundwater modeling.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Testing the suitability of geologic frameworks for extrapolating hydraulic properties across regional scales
Series title Hydrogeology Journal
DOI 10.1007/s10040-016-1375-1
Volume 24
Issue 5
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher Springer
Contributing office(s) Nevada Water Science Center
Description 14 p.
First page 1133
Last page 1146
Country United States
State Nevada
Other Geospatial Pahute Mesa
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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