The fir trees have moved

Earthquakes & Volcanoes (USGS)
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Trees show a record of the great Kanto earthquake of 1923 in Japan.

Two minutes before noon on the morning of September 1, 1923, the Great Kanto earthquake occurred with a magnitude of 7.9 in the northern part of Mizukuma in Sagmi Prefecture, Japan. Fires broke out immediately following the earthquake, causing great damage in Tokyo and in Kanagawa. Deaths totaled 99,331 persons, with 43,476 missing; 128,266 houses partially destroyed, and 447,128 houses were destroyed by fire. Large earth movements occurred and there were innumerable landslides. Along the Kanto coastline, waves came crashing into the harbors; at Misaki the height of the waves was six meters, and 8.1 meters at Sunozaki. At Tokyo the amplitude of the vibrations renged from 14 to 20 centimeters and at Odawara they were estimated to have reached 80 centimeters. 

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title The fir trees have moved
Series title Earthquakes & Volcanoes (USGS)
Volume 20
Issue 6
Year Published 1988
Language English
Publisher U.S Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Description 2 p.
First page 224
Last page 225
Country Japan
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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