Distribution and detoxication of toxaphene in Clayton Lake, New Mexico

Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
By: , and 



The fate of toxaphene, applied in three treatments at a total calculated concentration of 0.05 p.p.m. to Clayton Lake, New Mexico, was followed over a 1.5-year period. A detailed description of the chromatographic method of analysis is given. Water concentrations of toxaphene were higher in leeshore samples than in windward samples for 2 weeks after the application; toxaphene levels then appeared to reach a constant value of about 0.001 p.p.m. for at least an additional 250 days. Total body concentrations of toxaphene were determined in trout and bullheads present in the lake during the poisoning and in trout placed in the lake in live-cars subsequently. Trout were more susceptible to toxaphene and accumulated lower body levels than bullheads. Bullheads which showed symptoms of toxaphene poisoning when collected had higher levels than did normal-appearing individuals. No difference in levels was observed in live-car trout collected dead as compared to survivors. Aquatic vegetation accumulated high concentrations of toxaphene; low concentrations were found in some sediment samples. The significance of these findings is discussed.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Distribution and detoxication of toxaphene in Clayton Lake, New Mexico
Series title Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
DOI 10.1577/1548-8659(1962)91[14:DADOTI]2.0.CO;2
Volume 91
Issue 1
Year Published 1962
Language English
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Contributing office(s) Columbia Environmental Research Center
Description 9 p.
First page 14
Last page 22
Country United States
State New Mexico
Other Geospatial Clayton Lake
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details