Monitoring of oceanographic properties of Glacier Bay, Alaska 2004

Annual Report
By:  and 



Glacier Bay is a recently (300 years ago) deglaciated fjord estuarine system that has multiple sills, very deep basins, tidewater glaciers, and many streams. Glacier Bay experiences a large amount of runoff, high sedimentation, and large tidal variations. High freshwater discharge due to snow and ice melt and the presence of the tidewater glaciers makes the bay extremely cold. There are many small- and large-scale mixing and upwelling zones at sills, glacial faces, and streams. The complex topography and strong currents lead to highly variable salinity, temperature, sediment, primary productivity, light penetration, stratification levels, and current patterns within a small area. The oceanographic patterns within Glacier Bay drive a large portion of the spatial and temporal variability of the ecosystem. It has been widely recognized by scientists and resource managers in Glacier Bay that a program to monitor oceanographic patterns is essential for understanding the marine ecosystem and to differentiate between anthropogenic disturbance and natural variation. This year’s sampling marks the 12th continuous year of monitoring the oceanographic conditions at 23 stations along the primary axes within Glacier Bay, AK, making this a very unique and valuable data set in terms of its spatial and temporal coverage.

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype Federal Government Series
Title Monitoring of oceanographic properties of Glacier Bay, Alaska 2004
Series title Annual Report
Year Published 2005
Language English
Publisher Alaska Science Center, Glacier Bay Field Station
Publisher location Gustavus, AK
Contributing office(s) Alaska Science Center
Description 21 p.
Country United States
State Alaska
Other Geospatial Glacier Bay
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