An integral projection model with YY-males and application to evaluating grass carp control

Ecological Modelling
By: , and 



Invasive fish species disrupt ecosystems and cause economic damage. Several methods have been discussed to control populations of invasive fish including the release of YY-males. YY-males are fish that have 2 male chromosomes compared to a XY-male. When YY-males mate, they only produce male (XY) offspring. This decreases the female proportion of the population and can, in theory, eradicate local populations by biasing the sex-ratio. YY-males have been used as a population control tool for brook trout in montane streams and lakes in Idaho, USA. The YY-male control method has been discussed for grass carp in Lake Erie, North America. We developed and presented an integral projection model for grass carp to model the use of YY-males as a control method for populations in this lake. Using only the YY-male control method, we found that high levels of YY-males would need to be release annually to control the species. Specifically, these levels were the same order of magnitude as the baseline adult population (e.g., 1000 YY-males needed to be released annual for 20 years to control a baseline adult population of 2500 grass carp). These levels may not be reasonable or obtainable for fisheries managers given the impacts of YY-males on aquatic vegetation and other constraints of natural resource management.
Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title An integral projection model with YY-males and application to evaluating grass carp control
Series title Ecological Modelling
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.07.030
Volume 361
Year Published 2017
Language English
Publisher Elsevier
Contributing office(s) Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Description 12 p.
First page 14
Last page 25
Country United States
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