PaCTS 1.0: A crowdsourced reporting standard for paleoclimate data

Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
By: , and 



The progress of science is tied to the standardization of measurements, instruments, and data. This is especially true in the Big Data age, where analyzing large data volumes critically hinges on that data being standardized. Accordingly, the lack of community-sanctioned data standards in paleoclimatology has largely precluded the benefits of Big Data advances in the field. Building upon recent efforts to standardize the format and terminology of paleoclimate data, this article describes the Paleoclimate Community reporTing Standard (PaCTS), a crowdsourced reporting standard for such data. PaCTS captures which information should be included when reporting paleoclimate data, with the goal of maximizing the re-use value of paleoclimate datasets, particularly for synthesis work and comparison to climate model simulations. Initiated by the LinkedEarth project, this standard elicitation process involved an international workshop in 2016, various forms of digital community engagement over the next few years, and grassroots working groups. Participants in this process identified important properties across paleoclimate archives, in addition to the reporting of uncertainties and chronologies; they also identified archive-specific properties and distinguished reporting standards for new vs. legacy datasets. This work shows that at least 135 respondents overwhelmingly support a drastic increase in the amount of metadata accompanying paleoclimate datasets. Since such goals are at odds with present practices, we discuss a transparent path towards implementing or revising these recommendations in the near future, using both bottom-up and top-down approaches.
Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title PaCTS 1.0: A crowdsourced reporting standard for paleoclimate data
Series title Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
DOI 10.1029/2019PA003632
Volume 34
Issue 10
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher Wiley
Contributing office(s) Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center
Description 27 p.
First page 1570
Last page 1596
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