Documenting dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) concentration and form at appropriate temporal and spatial scales is key to understanding aquatic ecosystem health, particularly as DIN fuels primary productivity. In addition to point and non-point source nutrient inputs, factors such as hydrology, geomorphology, temperature, light, and biogeochemical transformations influence nutrient dynamics in surface waters, allowing for the formation of steep spatial gradients and patchiness. Documenting nutrient variability is also necessary to identify sources, quantify transformation rates, and understand drivers. Due to logistical and cost constraints, it is often unfeasible to measure concentrations of nutrients in surface waters using discrete sampling followed by laboratory analysis at a resolution high enough to identify steep spatial gradients and patchiness. Because of these constraints, data generated from discrete sampling are limited in space and time, often missing key variabilities. Recent advancements of in situ nitrate plus nitrite (NO3- and NO2-) sensor technology has enabled highly temporally and spatially resolved NO3- concentration measurements in aquatic ecosystems. However, comparable information about ammonium (NH4+) concentrations remains unavailable. To address this need, U.S. Geological Survey collaborated with Timberline Instruments to modify their commercially available benchtop TL-2800 ammonia analyzer to collect high-frequency continuous (1 unique sample measurement per second) NH4+ concentration measurements at a micromolar (0.5 µM) resolution in flow-through mode while receiving water pumped from a moving boat. Although the utility of this method is described for spatial surveys, we anticipate that it would be adaptable to installation at a fixed station for continuous monitoring of NH4+ concentration.