Pesticides in the Nation's Streams and Ground Water, 1992–2001

Circular 1291
By: , and 



This report is one of a series of publications, The Quality of Our Nation's Waters, that describe major findings of the NAWQA Program on water-quality issues of regional and national concern. This report presents evaluations of pesticides in streams and ground water based on findings for the first decadal cycle of NAWQA. 'Pesticides in the Nation's Streams and Ground Water, 1992-2001' greatly expands the analysis of pesticides presented in 'Nutrients and Pesticides,' which was the first report in the series and was based on early results from 1992 to 1995. Other reports in this series cover additional water-quality constituents of concern, such as volatile organic compounds and trace elements, as well as physical and chemical effects on aquatic ecosystems. Each report builds toward a more comprehensive understanding of regional and national water resources. The information in this series is intended primarily for those interested or involved in resource management, conservation, regulation, and policymaking at regional and national levels. In addition, the information might interest those at a local level who wish to know more about the general quality of streams and ground water in areas near where they live and how that quality compares with other areas across the Nation.

Suggested Citation

Gilliom, R.J., Barbash, J.E., Crawford, C.G., Hamilton, P.A., Martin, J.D., Nakagaki, N, Nowell, L.H., Scott, J.C., Stackelberg, P.E., Thelin, G.P., and Wolock, D.M., 2006, Pesticides in the nation's streams and ground water, 1992–2001: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1291, The Quality of Our Nation's Waters, 184 p.,

ISSN: 2330-5703 (online)

ISSN: 1067-084X (print)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Overview of Findings and Implications
  • Pesticide Primer
  • NAWQA’s Approach to Pesticide Assessment
  • Occurrence and Distribution in Streams and Ground Water
  • Complexities: Seasonality, Mixtures, and Degradates
  • Potential for Effects on Human Health, Aquatic Life, and Wildlife
  • Prediction Where Data are Inadequate
  • Long-Term Trends
  • References Cited
  • Glossary
  • Appendix 1—Pesticide Compounds Analyzed
  • Appendix 2—Properties Affecting Transport and Fate
  • Appendix 3—Water-Quality Benchmarks
  • Appendix 4—List of Abbreviations
  • Appendix 5A—Stream sites sampled for pesticides in water
  • Appendix 5B—Ground water networks sampled for pesticides
  • Appendix 5C—Stream sites sampled for organochlorine pesticides in bed sediment and (or) whole fish
  • Appendix 5D—Centroids of the Ground-water networks sampled for pesticides
  • Appendix 6A—Pesticides in water from U.S. streams sampled by NAWQA
  • Appendix 6B—Pesticide compounds in ground water sampled by NAWQA
  • Appendix 6C—Organochlorine pesticide compounds in bed sediment from U.S. streams sampled by NAWQA
  • Appendix 6D—Organochlorine pesticide compounds in whole fish from U.S. streams sampled by NAWQA
  • Appendix 7—Statistical summaries of water-quality data
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Pesticides in the Nation's Streams and Ground Water, 1992–2001
Series title Circular
Series number 1291
ISBN 1411309553
DOI 10.3133/cir1291
Edition Revised Feb 2007
Year Published 2006
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Indiana Water Science Center, National Water Quality Assessment Program
Description 184 p.
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Larger Work Title The Quality of Our Nation's Waters
Country United States
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) Y
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details