Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units Program — 2021 Year in Review

Circular 1491



Established in 1935, the Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units program is a unique cooperative partnership among State fish and wildlife agencies, universities, the Wildlife Management Institute, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the U.S. Geological Survey. Designed to meet the scientific needs of natural resource management agencies and the necessity for trained professionals in the growing field of wildlife management, the program has grown from the original 9 wildlife-only units to a program that today includes 41 Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units located on university campuses in 39 States. The partnerships that form each unit are some of the USGS’s strongest links to Federal and State land and natural resource agencies as mandated by the Cooperative Research and Training Units Act of 1960 (P.L. 86–686). This report highlights the activities and accomplishments of the program and its cooperators for 2021.

Suggested Citation

Childs, D.E., 2022, Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units program — 2021 year in review: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1491, 25 p.,

ISSN: 2330-5703 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Leadership Message
  • Special Appreciation
  • Exciting News!
  • About
  • Budget and Staffing
  • Mission
  • Productivity and Leveraging Resources
  • Graduate Education To Develop the Conservation Workforce
  • Applied Research To Meet Cooperators’ Science Needs
  • Technical Assistance to Cooperators
  • Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Accessibility
  • Stories From the Field
  • Awards
  • Acknowledgments
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Units program — 2021 year in review
Series title Circular
Series number 1491
DOI 10.3133/cir1491
Year Published 2022
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Cooperative Research Units
Description vi, 25 p.
Country United States
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details