Geology and Nonfuel Mineral Deposits of Africa and the Middle East

Open-File Report 2005-1294-E
By: , and 



A nation's endowment of nonfuel mineral resources, relative to the world's endowment, is a fundamental consideration in decisions related to a nation's economic and environmental well being and security. Knowledge of the worldwide abundance, distribution, and general geologic setting of mineral commodities provides a framework within which a nation can make decisions about economic development of its own resources, and the economic and environmental consequences of those decisions, in a global perspective. The information in this report is part of a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) endeavor to evaluate the global endowment of both identified and undiscovered nonfuel mineral resources. The results will delineate areas of the world that are geologically permissive for the occurrence of undiscovered selected nonfuel mineral resources together with estimates of the quantity and quality of the resources. The results will be published as a series of regional reports; this one provides basic data on the identified resources and geologic setting, together with a brief appraisal of the potential for undiscovered mineral resources in Africa and the Middle East. Additional information, such as production statistics, economic factors that affect the mineral industries of the region, and historical information, is available in U.S. Geological Survey publications such as the Minerals Yearbook and the annual Mineral Commodity Summaries (available at

Study Area

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Geology and Nonfuel Mineral Deposits of Africa and the Middle East
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2005-1294
Chapter E
DOI 10.3133/ofr20051294E
Edition Version 1.0
Year Published 2009
Language ENGLISH
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Contributing office(s) U.S. Geological Survey
Description 247 p.
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Larger Work Title Reviews of the Geology and Nonfuel Mineral Deposits of the World
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details