Preliminary GIS Representation of Deep Coal Areas for Carbon Dioxide Storage in the Contiguous United States and Alaska

Open-File Report 2018-1178
By: , and 



This report and its accompanying geospatial data outline many areas of coal in the United States beneath more than 3,000 ft of overburden. Based on depth, these areas may be targets for injection and storage of supercritical carbon dioxide. Additional areas where coal exists beneath more than 1,000 ft of overburden are also outlined; these may be targets for geologic storage of carbon dioxide in conjunction with enhanced coalbed methane production. These areas of deep coal were compiled as polygons into a shapefile for use in a geographic information system (GIS). The coal-bearing formation names, coal basin or field names, geographic provinces, coal ranks, coal geologic ages, and estimated individual coalbed thicknesses (if known) of the coal-bearing formations were included. An additional point shapefile, coal_co2_projects.shp, contains the locations of pilot projects for carbon dioxide injection into coalbeds. This report is not a comprehensive study of deep coal in the United States. Some areas of deep coal were excluded based on geologic or data-quality criteria, while others may be absent from the literature and still others may have been overlooked by the authors.

Suggested Citation

Jones, K.B., Barnhart, L.E., Warwick, P.D., and Corum, M.D., 2019, Preliminary GIS representation of deep coal areas for carbon dioxide storage in the contiguous United States and Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1178, 21 p.,

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Purpose and Scope
  • Geoprocessing Methods
  • Areas of Deep Coal
  • Areas with Insufficient Deep Coal for Carbon Dioxide Storage
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Cited
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Preliminary GIS representation of deep coal areas for carbon dioxide storage in the contiguous United States and Alaska
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2018-1178
DOI 10.3133/ofr20181178
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Eastern Energy Resources Science Center
Description iv, 21 p.
Country United States
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) Y
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details