Managed Aquifer Recharge Suitability—Regional Screening and Case Studies in Jordan and Lebanon

Open-File Report 2021-1089
Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Agency for International Development
Edited by: Daniel J. Goode



The U.S. Geological Survey, at the request of the U.S. Agency for International Development, led a 5-year regional project to develop and apply methods for water availability and suitability mapping for managed aquifer recharge (MAR) in the Middle East and North Africa region. A regional model of surface runoff for the period from 1984 to 2015 was developed to characterize water availability using remote sensing data on climate, vegetation, and topography in Jordan, Lebanon, and surrounding areas. Surface runoff was accumulated to characterize potential streamflow available for MAR and these data were combined with land surface slope to prepare a regional screening map of MAR suitability, illustrating suitability mapping concepts and methods. The application of the methods is demonstrated by the evaluation of water availability and suitability for potential MAR in study areas in Jordan and Lebanon. Locations suitable for MAR are present in both Jordan and Lebanon, but limitations exist in both countries, related primarily to water availability in Jordan and land areas of suitable terrain in Lebanon. An additional feasibility study including field investigations would likely provide decision makers with essential information for further development of the use of MAR in Jordan, Lebanon, and the region.

Suggested Citation

Goode, D.J., ed., 2021, Managed aquifer recharge suitability—Regional screening and case studies in Jordan and Lebanon: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1089, 87 p.,

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Regional Water Availability
  • Suitability Mapping for Regional Screening
  • Jordan Case Study
  • Lebanon Case Study
  • Summary
  • References Cited
  • Appendix 1. Project Activities for Acceleration of Aquifer Storage and Recovery in the Middle East and North Africa Region
  • Appendix 2. Bedrock Geology of the Lower Jordan Valley, Jordan
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Managed aquifer recharge suitability—Regional screening and case studies in Jordan and Lebanon
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2021-1089
DOI 10.3133/ofr20211089
Year Published 2021
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Pennsylvania Water Science Center
Description Report: xi, 87 p.; 2 Data Releases
Country Jordan, Lebanon
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details