Intake Efficiency Field Results for Federal Interagency Sedimentation Project Bag Samplers

Open-File Report 2022-1036
By: , and 



The Federal Interagency Sedimentation Project (FISP) standardizes and advances sediment science among federal agencies. It is important to ensure that the FISP bag samplers perform isokinetically under all tested and approved conditions and collect samples that are representative of the stream or river cross-section. A measure of a sampler’s isokinetic behavior is its intake efficiency, which is defined as the ratio of the velocity through the nozzle entrance of the sampler to the ambient stream velocity. The intake efficiencies of all FISP bag samplers and nozzle sizes were evaluated for this report. Samples were obtained across 31 U.S. Geological Survey streamflow-gaging stations between July 15, 2013, and June 17, 2020, where data were collected with all four bag samplers (US D-96, D-96-A1, D-99, and DH-2), each using various 3/16-inch, 1/4-inch, or 5/16-inch diameter nozzles.

Water temperature and ambient stream velocity outside the nozzle are two of several factors that are known to affect the intake efficiency of bag samplers. A regression curve was fitted to these data through LOWESS (locally weighted scatterplot smoothing), and a Kruskal-Wallis test was executed for the various samplers and nozzle sizes. Based on these results, there is no statistical evidence to indicate that water temperature and stream velocity have a noticeable effect on intake efficiency when the samplers are deployed under isokinetic conditions. Likewise, there is no statistical evidence to indicate that the type of bag sampler and nozzle diameter have a direct effect on intake efficiency.

Suggested Citation

Manaster, A.E., Landers, M.N., and Straub, T.D., 2022, Intake efficiency field results for Federal Interagency Sedimentation Project bag samplers: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2022–1036, 27 p.,

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Purpose and Scope
  • Methods
  • Intake Efficiency Results and Discussion
  • Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Cited
  • Appendix 1. Intake Efficiency Field Data and Additional Figure
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Intake efficiency field results for Federal Interagency Sedimentation Project bag samplers
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2022-1036
DOI 10.3133/ofr20221036
Year Published 2022
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) South Atlantic Water Science Center, Central Midwest Water Science Center
Description Report: iv, 27 p.; Database
Country United States
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details