Updates for Wake Atoll Biosecurity Management, Biological Control, Survey, and Management, and Integrated Pest Management Plans

Open-File Report 2022-1067
Ecosystems Mission Area—Land Management Research and Species Management Research Programs
Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force
By: , and 



Pests and invasive species have been defined as any organism that can have real or perceived adverse effects on operations, or the well-being of personnel, native plants, animals, their environment and ecosystem processes; attack or damage real property, supplies, equipment, or are otherwise undesirable (paraphrased from many sources including 53 Federal Register [FR] 15975, May 4, 1988, as amended at 78 FR 13507, February 28, 2013). Biosecurity programs and pest management plans can be developed and implemented with the goals of preventing the arrival of or eradication or control of pests and invasive species to reduce the potential for adverse effects. Such plans have been developed for Wake Atoll (U.S. Air Force, unpub. data 2017). Periodic plan reviews are an integral step for evaluating plan efficacy and updating plans with new information for improving plan effectiveness. This report summarizes an evaluation of past, current, and potential biosecurity and pest management for Wake with the intent this information can be used for updating existing plans. This document was prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force (USAF) and surveys were performed for the 611th Civil Engineer Squadron Natural Resources Program ACES PROJECT no. YGFZ17002 under agreement number F2MUAA7116GW01 between the USAF and the U.S. Geological Survey’s Western Ecological Research Center (USGS-WERC).

Suggested Citation

Hathaway, S.A., Jacobi, J.D., Peck, R., and Fisher, R.N., 2022, Updates for Wake Atoll biosecurity management, biological control, survey, and management, and integrated pest management plans: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2022-1067, 56 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20221067.

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgements  
  • Introduction  
  • Methods  
  • Results and Discussion  
  • Conclusion  
  • References Cited  
  • Glossary  
  • Appendix 1. Examples of Potential Biosecurity Checklists for Wake Atoll  
  • Appendix 2. Example Species Observation Data Sheet
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Updates for Wake Atoll biosecurity management, biological control, survey, and management, and integrated pest management plans
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2022-1067
DOI 10.3133/ofr20221067
Year Published 2022
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Western Ecological Research Center, Pacific Islands Ecosys Research Center
Description viii, 56 p.
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details