Continuous Stream Discharge, Salinity, and Associated Data Collected in the Lower St. Johns River and Its Tributaries, Florida, 2021
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville District, is deepening the St. Johns River channel in Jacksonville, Florida, by 7 feet along 13 miles of the river channel beginning at the mouth of the river at the Atlantic Ocean, in order to accommodate larger, fully loaded cargo vessels. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, monitored stage, discharge, and (or) water temperature and salinity at 26 continuous data collection stations in the St. Johns River and its tributaries.
This is the sixth annual report by the U.S. Geological Survey on data collection for the Jacksonville Harbor deepening project. Prior reports in this series documented data collected from October 2015 to September 2020. This report contains information pertinent to data collection during the 2021 water year, from October 2020 to September 2021. There were no modifications this year to the previously installed monitoring network. Data at each station were compared for the length of the project and on a yearly basis to show the annual variability of discharge and salinity in the project area.
Discharge and salinity varied widely during the 2021 water year data collection period, which included above-average rainfall for four of the five counties in the study area. Total annual rainfall for all counties ranked third among the annual totals computed for the 6 years considered for this study. Annual mean discharge at Durbin Creek was highest among the tributaries, followed by Trout River, Clapboard Creek, Ortega River, Pottsburg Creek at U.S. 90, Julington Creek, Pottsburg Creek near South Jacksonville, Dunn Creek, Cedar River, and Broward River, whose annual mean discharge was lowest. Annual mean discharge at 7 of the 10 tributary monitoring sites was higher for the 2021 water year than for the 2020 water year, and the computed annual mean flow at Clapboard Creek was the highest over the 6 years considered for this study. The annual mean discharge for each of the main-stem sites was higher for the 2021 water year than for the 2020 water year and ranked second among the annual totals computed for the 6 years considered for this study.
Among the tributary sites, annual mean salinity was highest at Clapboard Creek, the site closest to the Atlantic Ocean, and was lowest at Durbin Creek, the site farthest from the ocean. Annual mean salinity data from the main-stem sites on the St. Johns River indicate that salinity decreased with distance upstream from the ocean, which was expected. Relative to annual mean salinity calculated for the 2020 water year, annual mean salinity at all monitoring locations was lower for the 2021 water year except at the tributary site of Durbin Creek, which remained the same. The 2021 annual mean salinity at all sites ranked second lowest since the beginning of the study in 2016 except at Julington Creek and Racy Point, which tied for lowest, and Durbin Creek, which had the same value for each year.
Ryan, P.J., 2023, Continuous stream discharge, salinity, and associated data collected in the lower St. Johns River and its tributaries, Florida, 2021: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2022–1111, 48 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20221111.
ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)
Table of Contents
- References Cited
|USGS Numbered Series
|Continuous stream discharge, salinity, and associated data collected in the lower St. Johns River and its tributaries, Florida, 2021
|U.S. Geological Survey
|Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center
|Report: x, 48 p.; Dataset
|St. Johns River
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