The Effects of Management Practices on Grassland Birds—Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)

Professional Paper 1842-J
By: , and 



The key to Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor) management is providing wetland complexes containing suitable wetland characteristics (that is, open water, emergent vegetation, and open shoreline) and upland habitat (native grassland or tame hayland) throughout the breeding season. Wilson’s Phalaropes have been reported to use habitats with 15–32 centimeters (cm) average vegetation height, 8–18 cm visual obstruction reading, 45–53 percent grass cover, 19–22 percent forb cover, and less than 3 cm litter depth.

Suggested Citation

Shaffer, J.A., Igl, L.D., Johnson, D.H., Goldade, C.M., Zimmerman, A.L., and Euliss, B.R., 2019, The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor), chap. J of Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., Shaffer, J.A., and DeLong, J.P., eds., The effects of management practices on grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1842, 10 p.,

ISSN: 2330-7102 (online)

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Capsule Statement
  • Breeding Range
  • Suitable Habitat
  • Area Requirements and Landscape Associations
  • Brood Parasitism by Cowbirds and Other Species
  • Breeding-Season Phenology and Site Fidelity
  • Species’ Response to Management
  • Management Recommendations from the Literature
  • References
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)
Series title Professional Paper
Series number 1842
Chapter J
DOI 10.3133/pp1842J
Year Published 2019
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Description iv, 10 p.
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details