The Effects of Management Practices on Grassland Birds—Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)

Professional Paper 1842-O
By: , and 



Keys to Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) management in western North America’s grasslands, particularly those of the Great Plains region, include maintaining open, mostly undeveloped landscapes that sustain at least modest population levels of suitable prey (most typically rabbits [Leporidae] and prairie dogs or ground squirrels [Sciuridae]); safeguarding nesting territories (that is, breeding areas), especially nest structures within territories, from human disturbances; mitigating major sources of anthropogenic mortality, particularly electrocution on powerlines, shooting, collisions with structures and vehicles, and poisoning by lead and rodenticides; and averting climate change.

Suggested Citation

Murphy, R.K., DeLong, J.P., Igl, L.D., and Shaffer, J.A., 2023, The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), chap. O of Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., Shaffer, J.A., and DeLong, J.P., eds., The effects of management practices on grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1842, 65 p.,

ISSN: 2330-7102 (online)

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Capsule Statement
  • Breeding Range
  • Suitable Habitat
  • Area Requirements and Landscape Associations
  • Brood Parasitism by Cowbirds and Other Species
  • Breeding-Season Phenology and Site Fidelity
  • Species’ Response to Management
  • Management Recommendations from the Literature
  • References
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
Series title Professional Paper
Series number 1842
Chapter O
DOI 10.3133/pp1842O
Year Published 2023
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Description v, 65 p.
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details