The Effects of Management Practices on Grassland Birds—Clay-Colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Professional Paper 1842-Z
By: , and 



Keys to Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida) management include providing grasslands with a shrub or forb component or shrub-dominated edge habitat, which includes dense grass and moderately high litter cover, and avoiding disturbances that completely eliminate woody vegetation. Clay-colored Sparrows have been reported to use habitats with 20–186 centimeters (cm) average vegetation height, 3–50 cm visual obstruction reading, 15–74 percent grass cover, 5–23 percent forb cover, less than 30 percent shrub cover, 1–20 percent bare ground, 10–63 percent litter cover, and less than or equal to 5 cm litter depth.

Suggested Citation

Shaffer, J.A., Igl, L.D., Johnson, D.H., Sondreal, M.L., Goldade, C.M., Nenneman, M.P., and Euliss, B.R., 2023, The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida), chap. Z of Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., Shaffer, J.A., and DeLong, J.P., eds., The effects of management practices on grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1842, 27 p.,

ISSN: 2330-7102 (online)

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Capsule Statement
  • Breeding Range
  • Suitable Habitat
  • Area Requirements and Landscape Associations
  • Brood Parasitism by Cowbirds and Other Species
  • Breeding-Season Phenology and Site Fidelity
  • Species’ Response to Management
  • Management Recommendations from the Literature
  • References
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)
Series title Professional Paper
Series number 1842
Chapter Z
DOI 10.3133/pp1842Z
Year Published 2023
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, Va.
Contributing office(s) Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Description v, 27 p.
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details