Geomorphic effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964 in the Martin-Bering Rivers area, Alaska

Professional Paper 543-B
By:  and 



The Alaska earthquake of March 27, 1964, caused widespread geomorphic changes in the Martin-Bering Rivers area-900 square miles of uninhabited mountains, alluvial flatlands, and marshes north of the Gulf of Alaska, and east of the Copper River. This area is at lat 60°30’ N. and long 144°22’ W., 32 miles east of Cordova, and approximately 130 miles east-southeast of the epicenter of the earthquake. The geomorphic effects observed were: (1) earthquake-induced ground fractures, (2) mudvent deposits, (3) “earthquake-fountain” craters, (4) subsidence, (5) mudcones, (6) avalanches, (7) subaqueous landslides, (8) turbidity changes in ice-basined lakes on the Martin River glacier, (9) filling of ice-walled sinkholes, (10) gravel-coated snow cones, (11) lake ice fractures, and (12) uplift accompanied the earthquake. In addition to geomorphic effects, the earthquake affected the animal populations of the area. These include migratory fish, terrestrial mollusks, fur-bearing animals, and man. The Alaska earthquake clearly delineated areas of alluvial fill, snow and rock avalanche corridors, and deltas of the deeper lakes as unsuitable for future construction.

Study Area

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Geomorphic effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964 in the Martin-Bering Rivers area, Alaska
Series title Professional Paper
Series number 543
Chapter B
DOI 10.3133/pp543B
Year Published 1966
Language English
Publisher U.S. Government Printing Office
Publisher location Washington, D.C.
Contributing office(s) Menlo ParkCalif. Office-Earthquake Science Center
Description 28 p.
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Larger Work Title The Alaska earthquake, March 27, 1964: Regional effects (Professional Paper 543)
Country United States
State Alaska
Other Geospatial Martin-Bering Rivers area
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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