Historical eruptions and hazards at Bogoslof volcano, Alaska

Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5085
By:  and 



Bogoslof volcano is a submarine volcano in the southern
Bering Sea (53.9272°N, 168.0344°W), located 100 kilometers
(km) west of Dutch Harbor/Unalaska, and 40 km north
of Umnak Island. The volcano has a relatively long history of
scientific investigation and several of its historical eruptions
have been documented during brief visits to the area since the
late 1700s. The purpose of this report is to provide a modern
volcanological perspective on past eruptions of Bogoslof and
to readdress some of the eruptive phenomena described in
historical documents and reports. We also present for the first
time a brief analysis of the hazards posed by Bogoslof eruptions.
While this report was being prepared, Bogoslof volcano
was in an ongoing state of eruptive activity that began in
mid-December 2016. Detectable eruptive activity ended in late
August 2017 and the volcano has remained quiet since then.
Because we have not yet visited Bogoslof Island and have
only a few distal tephra samples from two eruptive events,
we will not discuss in detail the 2016–17 eruptive sequence,
but will provide some information for comparative purposes.
When more detailed data has been collected, a more extensive
review of the 2016–17 Bogoslof eruption should be the subject
of future reports.

Suggested Citation

Waythomas, C.F., and Cameron, C.E., 2018, Historical eruptions and hazards at Bogoslof volcano, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5085, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185085.

ISSN: 2328-0328 (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • Geologic Setting
  • Historical Accounts and Observations
  • Hazards Associated with Bogoslof Eruptions
  • References Cited
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Historical eruptions and hazards at Bogoslof volcano, Alaska
Series title Scientific Investigations Report
Series number 2018-5085
DOI 10.3133/sir20185085
Year Published 2018
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Volcano Science Center
Description vii, 42 p.
Country United States
State Alaska
Other Geospatial Bogoslof Volcano
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details