Geohydrology and susceptibility of major aquifers to surface contamination in Alabama; area 1

Water-Resources Investigations Report 87-4068
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This report delineates and describes the geohydrology and susceptibility of the major aquifers to contamination in Area 1 - Colbert, Franklin, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limeston, Madison, and Morgan Counties. Most of the area is underlain by a Mississippian carbonate sequence that includes two major aquifers, the Tuscumbia-Fort Payne aquifer and the Bangor aquifer. A third major aquifer, the Tuscaloosa aquifer of Cretaceous age, occurs in the southwest part of the area. The Mississippi carbonate aquifers are the Tuscumbia-Fort Payne aquifer which includes most Tuscumbia Limestone and the Fort Payne Chert, and a small area of the Monteagle Limestone, and the Bangor aquifer which includes the Bangor Limestone and Hartselle Sandstone. Both of these aquifers possess highly-variable secondary porosity and permeability related to fractures that have been enlarged, sometimes to cavernous proportions, due to solution processes. The Tuscaloosa aquifer consists of the Tuscaloosa Group, an unconsolidated clastic deposit that has relatively uniform primary porosity and permeability. Significant quantities of groundwater are available from each of the aquifers. Water levels at nearly 2 ,000 wells indicate that, for each aquifer, general groundwater movement is from topographically high to low areas. Each of the aquifers is recharged throughout its outcrop in the study area and is susceptible to contamination within the outcrop. Generalized topographic settings such as closed-contour depressions are identified as areas that are highly susceptible to contamination. Specific features such as sinkholes also are identified as extremely susceptible to contamination.

Study Area

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Geohydrology and susceptibility of major aquifers to surface contamination in Alabama; area 1
Series title Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series number 87-4068
DOI 10.3133/wri874068
Year Published 1987
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Description Report: v, 34 p.; 1 Plate: 19.00 × 16.39 inches
Country United States
State Alabama
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