Water requirements of selected industries

Water Supply Paper 1330
By: , and 



The early industries in America generally were established when and where demands for the products of industry arose. Most of the early industries were so located that their increasing requirements for transportation, raw materials, market, labor, and water supply could be satisfied economically. Many of these original plant locations have continued as modern industrial centers and their output has increased manyfold in meeting the demands of our growing Nation. The recent and current industrial expansion and the trend toward the growth of chemical industries, many Of which are heavy users of water, has resulted in a tremendous increase in the total withdrawal of water for industrial use as well as a large increase in the per capita use of water. This increase in industrial water requirement has strained the capacity of the developed water supplies in many areas, and in some instances the adequacy of the potential water supplies is questionable.

The Geological Survey is engaged in preparing and publishing a series of reports describing the developed and undeveloped water resources of many important industrial areas. This work was started initially at the request of the National Securities Resources Board as a means to insure that water supplies are adequate for our rapidly expanding industrial development. Although many factors contribute to establishing the feasibility or even the limits of future industrial development, the one relating to available water supply is extremely important. A knowledge of the water requirements of various industries is valuable therefore in planning the logical development in any area where water supply is a critical factor. Thus far very little suitable information on the water requirements of our major industries is available for general planning. An inventory of unit water-use values in industry therefore would be generally helpful and also might tend to stimulate water-conservation methods. To obtain such information, investigations

Table of Contents

(A) Water requirements of the pulp and paper industry

(B) Water requirements of the carbon-black industry

(C) Water requirements of the aluminum industry

(D) Water requirements of the rayon- and acetate-fiber industry

(E) Water requirements of the copper industry

(F) Water requirements of the styrene, butadiene, and synthetic-rubber industries

(G) Water requirements of the petroleum refining industry

(H) Water requirements of the iron and steel industry

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Water requirements of selected industries
Series title Water Supply Paper
Series number 1330
DOI 10.3133/wsp1330
Year Published 1955
Language English
Publisher U.S. Government Printing Office
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details