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Scientific Investigations Report 2013–5191

Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security-Federal Emergency Management Agency

Simulated and Observed 2010 Flood-Water Elevations in Selected River Reaches in the Moshassuck and Woonasquatucket River Basins, Rhode Island

By Phillip J. Zarriello, David E. Straub, and Stephen M. Westenbroek

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (10.4 MB)Abstract

Heavy persistent rains from late February through March 2010 caused severe flooding and set, or nearly set, peaks of record for streamflows and water levels at many long-term U.S. Geological Survey streamgages in Rhode Island. In response to this flood, hydraulic models were updated for selected reaches covering about 33 river miles in Moshassuck and Woonasquatucket River Basins from the most recent approved Federal Emergency Management Agency flood insurance study (FIS) to simulate water-surface elevations (WSEs) from specified flows and boundary conditions. Reaches modeled include the main stem of the Moshassuck River and its main tributary, the West River, and three tributaries to the West River—Upper Canada Brook, Lincoln Downs Brook, and East Branch West River; and the main stem of the Woonasquatucket River. All the hydraulic models were updated to Hydrologic Engineering Center-River Analysis System (HEC-RAS) version 4.1.0 and incorporate new field-survey data at structures, high-resolution land-surface elevation data, and flood flows from a related study.

The models were used to simulate steady-state WSEs at the 1- and 2-percent annual exceedance probability (AEP) flows, which is the estimated AEP of the 2010 flood in the Moshassuck River Basin and the Woonasquatucket River, respectively. The simulated WSEs were compared to the high-water mark (HWM) elevation data obtained in these basins in a related study following the March–April 2010 flood, which included 18 HWMs along the Moshassuck River and 45 HWMs along the Woonasquatucket River. Differences between the 2010 HWMs and the simulated 2- and 1-percent AEP WSEs from the FISs and the updated models developed in this study varied along the reach. Most differences could be attributed to the magnitude of the 2- and 1-percent AEP flows used in the FIS and updated model flows. Overall, the updated model and the FIS WSEs were not appreciably different when compared to the observed 2010 HWMs along the Woonasquatucket and Moshassuck Rivers.

First posted January 24, 2014

For additional information, contact:
Office Chief, New England Water Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
Massachusetts-Rhode Island Office
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Northborough, MA 01532
(508) 490-5000
http://ma.water.usgs.gov
http://ri.water.usgs.gov

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Suggested citation:

Zarriello, P.J., Straub, D.E., and Westenbroek, S.M., 2014, Simulated and observed 2010 flood-water elevations in selected river reaches in the Moshassuck and Woonasquatucket River Basins, Rhode Island: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013–5191, 35 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20135191.

ISSN 2328-0328 (online)



Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Hydraulic Models

Comparison of 2010 Flood High-Water Marks with Simulated Water Levels

Summary and Conclusions

References Cited

Appendix 1. Moshassuck and Woonasquatucket River Basin Hydraulic Models: Technical Data Support Notebook


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