Techniques and Methods 13–A2
We describe a low-cost, compact multipurpose camera system designed for field deployment at active volcanoes that can be used either as a webcam (transmitting images back to an observatory in real-time) or as a time-lapse camera system (storing images onto the camera system for periodic retrieval during field visits). The system also has the capability to acquire high-definition video. The camera system uses a Raspberry Pi single-board computer and a 5-megapixel low-light (near-infrared sensitive) camera, as well as a small Global Positioning System (GPS) module to ensure accurate time-stamping of images. Custom Python scripts control the webcam and GPS unit and handle data management. The inexpensive nature of the system allows it to be installed at hazardous sites where it might be lost. Another major advantage of this camera system is that it provides accurate internal timing (independent of network connection) and, because a full Linux operating system and the Python programming language are available on the camera system itself, it has the versatility to be configured for the specific needs of the user. We describe example deployments of the camera at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i, to monitor ongoing summit lava lake activity.
First posted March 9, 2015
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Patrick, M.R., Orr, T., Lee, L., and Moniz, C., 2015, A multipurpose camera system for monitoring Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 13, chap. A2, 25 p., https://dx.doi.org/10.3133/tm13A2.
ISSN 2328-7055 (online)
Image Acquisition and Management Scripts