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Data Series 977

Notice: This USGS Publication Supersedes Data Series 892

DOI/GTN-P Climate and Active-Layer Data Acquired in the National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska and the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, 1998–2014

By Frank E. Urban and Gary D. Clow

Ikpikpuk

GTN-P code: U39

Latitude: 70°26.499′N

Longitude: 154°21.938′W

Elevation: 5 meters above mean sea level

Installation date: 21 AUG 2005

Ikpikpuk location map Link to the Drew Point site Link to the Drew Point site Link to the Inigok site Link to the Fish Creek site Link to the Awuna1 site Link to the Umiat site Link to the Tunalik site Link to the Koluktak site Link to the South Meade site Link to the Awuna2 site Link to the Piksiksak site Link to the East Teshekpuk site Link to the East Teshekpuk site Link to the Ikpikpuk site Link to the Lake 145 site Link to the Lake 145 site Link to the Niguanak site Link to the Marsh Creek site Link to the Camden Bay site Link to the Red Sheep Creek site
Figure 1. Location map presenting the specific location of the Ikpikpuk site and its spatial relation to other sites in the monitoring network. (NPR-A, National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska; ANWR, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge)
Ikpikpuk site photo during the summer, 2008
Figure 2. Ikpikpuk station in summer 2008. (Click image for larger version.)
Figure showing seasonal windroses
Figure 3. Ikpikpuk: Seasonal windroses. The wind direction and speed data are divided into 16 wind direction categories (22.5° each) and 3 wind speed classes: less than 5 m/s, between 5 m/s and 10 m/s, and greater than 10 m/s. The percentage of time that wind speeds occupy each class and directional category (concentric rings) is presented for each season: winter (December, January, February), spring (March, April, May), summer (June, July, August), and autumn (September, October, November). (m/s, meters per second; U, wind speed; N, north; E, east; S, south; W, west) (Click image for larger version.)

Data Access (Large file will open in new window)


Tables

Table 1a. Statistical summaries of air temperature data at monthly resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Air temperature, in degrees Celsius 
  
File name:                 AK115_Tair_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   1.09  -6.85 -23.15 -21.77 
 2006 -26.87 -22.97 -29.44 -20.77  -4.09   6.34   8.18   4.43   3.64  -3.54 -17.48 -20.02 
 2007 -27.83 -26.69 -28.99 -13.85  -7.86   4.12   9.01   8.39   3.10  -6.80 -12.14 -21.38 
 2008 -30.13 -28.83 -29.92 -13.19  -3.82   6.80    NaN   4.59   0.88  -7.57 -16.91 -18.60 
 2009 -28.35 -27.57 -30.54 -15.72  -2.76   4.19   9.59   6.72   1.38  -4.58 -20.14 -20.87 
 2010 -28.50 -24.88 -25.36 -12.85  -6.29   2.91   8.97   8.37   3.70  -5.26 -11.27 -26.10 
 2011 -24.86 -21.40 -22.26 -20.17  -5.11   2.95   8.51   7.05   2.71  -5.62 -21.28 -25.93 
 2012 -33.03 -25.69 -32.81 -16.06  -5.66   5.70  11.67   9.82   2.22  -3.10 -17.00 -26.38 
 2013 -26.55 -31.35 -24.13 -20.07  -5.36   7.07  10.47    NaN  -0.23  -4.62 -14.84 -20.93 
 2014 -22.84 -24.40 -22.40 -15.94  -1.97   3.31   7.28   
  
Minimum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -4.86 -27.16 -40.41 -37.64 
 2006 -44.00 -46.46 -41.42 -36.65 -25.71  -5.70  -1.13  -1.49  -4.14 -13.50 -30.61 -40.41 
 2007 -41.74 -44.51 -42.07 -26.73 -21.27  -4.07   1.64  -0.31  -4.49 -21.51 -28.43 -43.15 
 2008 -44.59 -41.49 -41.96 -32.97 -14.12  -2.50    NaN  -1.45  -4.98 -19.90 -32.62 -33.10 
 2009 -37.67 -44.12 -41.38 -31.71 -14.18  -1.75   1.79   0.09 -11.00 -19.63 -34.32 -39.06 
 2010 -41.02 -44.12 -39.67 -29.37 -21.70  -1.77  -1.21   0.32  -8.35 -15.71 -27.80 -42.91 
 2011 -42.33 -32.62 -36.78 -32.24 -21.21  -3.73   0.74  -0.77  -6.88 -20.61 -36.98 -38.41 
 2012 -47.35 -48.35 -43.10 -36.59 -21.96  -1.70   1.26   1.63  -3.77 -18.24 -30.07 -36.51 
 2013 -38.51 -40.77 -37.93 -37.51 -26.82  -5.87   0.03    NaN -10.55 -18.37 -29.54 -34.76 
 2014 -42.97 -41.24 -38.54 -34.69 -14.17  -3.90   0.59   
  
Maximum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  10.35   0.25  -9.59  -4.32 
 2006 -16.02   1.19 -19.84  -9.52   7.74  18.62  20.07  17.74  17.90   5.96  -0.87  -2.06 
 2007 -15.23  -6.05  -5.47  -2.49   1.80  17.52  25.68  23.06  16.70  -0.31  -4.53  -5.09 
 2008   1.64  -5.30  -7.26   1.20   9.36  19.10    NaN  14.01   6.53  -0.28  -6.65  -1.66 
 2009  -2.58  -2.01 -14.79   4.44   7.96  14.47  27.15  18.76  14.19   4.09  -6.03  -2.77 
 2010 -12.19 -13.15 -14.95  -1.41   1.44  18.65  22.40  22.50  18.38  -0.07   1.99  -8.37 
 2011  -0.38  -0.25  -5.61  -5.36   9.10  16.93  21.29  16.57  15.14   1.45  -3.02  -5.97 
 2012 -13.84 -11.15  -9.78  -6.02   3.84  23.39  23.49  18.98  10.94   6.54  -4.35 -13.22 
 2013 -14.45 -21.08 -14.22  -2.44   5.75  23.60  20.29    NaN  13.08   1.99   2.26   0.64 
 2014 -10.43  -4.36  -5.17   1.80   6.23  18.28  20.01   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.88  -1.46  -6.37   0.72 
 2006   0.53   3.00  -2.13  -4.25   0.68   1.52  -1.03  -2.40   1.67   1.85  -0.70   2.48 
 2007  -0.42  -0.72  -1.67   2.66  -3.09  -0.70  -0.20   1.56   1.13  -1.41   4.64   1.12 
 2008  -2.72  -2.85  -2.60   3.32   0.95   1.98    NaN  -2.24  -1.09  -2.18  -0.13   3.90 
 2009  -0.95  -1.60  -3.22   0.79   2.01  -0.63   0.38  -0.11  -0.59   0.81  -3.36   1.62 
 2010  -1.09   1.10   1.95   3.67  -1.52  -1.91  -0.24   1.54   1.73   0.13   5.52  -3.60 
 2011   2.55   4.58   5.06  -3.66  -0.34  -1.87  -0.70   0.23   0.74  -0.24  -4.50  -3.44 
 2012  -5.62   0.29  -5.49   0.46  -0.89   0.87   2.46   2.99   0.25   2.28  -0.22  -3.88 
 2013   0.85  -5.38   3.19  -3.56  -0.59   2.25   1.26    NaN  -2.20   0.77   1.94   1.56 
 2014   4.56   1.58   4.92   0.57   2.79  -1.51  -1.93   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2006 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2007 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2008 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  87.23 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2009 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2010 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2011 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2012 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.60 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2013 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  92.88 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2014 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00   



Table 1b. Statistical summaries of wind speed data at monthly resolution. Average, maximum, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Wind speed, in meters per second 
  
File name:                 AK115_U_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN   3.60   3.80   3.90   4.17   3.19   3.17   4.77   2.95   3.58 
 2007   3.56   3.32   3.49   4.18   3.80   5.09   4.27   3.33   4.46    NaN    NaN   3.36 
 2008   4.00   2.96    NaN   3.87   5.12   3.81    NaN   3.11   3.09   3.75   4.40    NaN 
 2009    NaN   4.31    NaN   3.64   3.89   5.15   4.45   3.61   3.63    NaN   3.14    NaN 
 2010    NaN   5.41   3.49   3.83   5.03   5.37   3.94   3.89   3.28   4.96    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   3.67   4.13   4.47    NaN   3.86 
 2012   3.69   3.18   2.54   3.66   3.94   4.61   3.43   3.97   3.56   3.79   3.11   2.92 
 2013   5.23    NaN   5.17   3.57   4.02   3.82   4.18    NaN   3.97    NaN   4.68   3.96 
 2014   5.55   3.86   2.64   3.18   4.82   4.00   3.97   
  
Maximum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN  10.16  11.02   8.46  10.31   7.33   9.05  17.63  11.57  11.56 
 2007  14.20  11.47  13.75  12.50   9.72  11.16   8.68   9.48  10.11    NaN    NaN  17.67 
 2008  19.53   9.73    NaN  11.21  11.62   8.74    NaN   8.93   7.58  10.64  11.86    NaN 
 2009    NaN  14.67    NaN   9.14  11.29   9.43   9.43   9.39   9.09    NaN  12.44    NaN 
 2010    NaN  13.39  10.47  10.22  10.45  11.02   8.64  11.33   7.02  12.69    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   8.04  10.34  12.33    NaN  15.28 
 2012  10.57   9.49   7.89  11.82   9.68  11.20   8.27   9.08  10.16   9.26  10.19  13.48 
 2013  18.69    NaN  16.71  11.82  12.76   7.77  10.43    NaN  10.49    NaN  16.13  12.93 
 2014  14.50  13.69   7.96  13.18  11.65   8.55  11.31   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.09  -0.51  -0.57   0.11  -0.49  -0.57   0.32  -0.73   0.05 
 2007  -0.75  -0.52   0.03   0.49  -0.50   0.62   0.21  -0.35   0.72    NaN    NaN  -0.17 
 2008  -0.32  -0.88    NaN   0.18   0.82  -0.66    NaN  -0.58  -0.66  -0.70   0.72    NaN 
 2009    NaN   0.47    NaN  -0.06  -0.41   0.68   0.39  -0.08  -0.11    NaN  -0.54    NaN 
 2010    NaN   1.57   0.02   0.13   0.73   0.90  -0.12   0.20  -0.46   0.51    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.02   0.39   0.02    NaN   0.32 
 2012  -0.62  -0.66  -0.92  -0.03  -0.36   0.15  -0.62   0.28  -0.18  -0.65  -0.56  -0.62 
 2013   0.92    NaN   1.70  -0.12  -0.29  -0.64   0.12    NaN   0.22    NaN   1.00   0.42 
 2014   1.24   0.02  -0.83  -0.51   0.52  -0.47  -0.09   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  41.81   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2006   0.00   0.00   1.61  96.81  99.73 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00  96.11 100.00 
 2007 100.00  98.96  97.18 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  91.67  82.78  99.19 
 2008  99.46 100.00  53.76 100.00 100.00 100.00  87.23 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  86.83 
 2009  73.39 100.00  43.01  97.08 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  92.20  99.31  69.22 
 2010  93.82  97.92 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  34.86   1.21 
 2011  16.26  16.52   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  98.52 100.00  99.46  91.94  99.33 
 2012  98.25  95.98  98.66  99.86 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.33 
 2013  98.79  89.14  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  92.88 100.00  94.89 100.00  95.83 
 2014  97.31  96.88  99.87  99.58 100.00 100.00 100.00   



Table 1c. Statistical summaries of ground temperature data at 10- and 120-centimeter depths at monthly resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Ground temperature, in degrees Celsius 
  
File name:                 AK115_Tg_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   1.46   0.01  -4.52  -9.09 
 2006 -11.81 -13.71 -15.75 -14.83  -8.16   1.66   4.06   3.55   2.66  -0.15  -2.88  -8.54 
 2007 -15.35 -15.47 -19.07    NaN    NaN   1.18   3.95   4.22   1.99   0.40  -0.81  -7.57 
 2008 -13.61 -15.66 -17.47 -13.04  -7.22   4.07    NaN   4.69   1.50   0.24  -0.76  -6.10 
 2009 -12.56 -15.23 -15.91 -14.24  -4.24    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   2.73   0.66  -2.04 -10.92 
 2012 -18.12 -16.88 -19.39 -15.97  -8.62  -0.53   3.83   5.00   2.35  -0.16  -1.19  -6.98 
 2013 -14.86 -20.07 -18.28 -15.95  -9.27    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -5.95 
 2014 -11.27 -13.56 -15.43 -13.17  -3.51    NaN    NaN   
  
Minimum Value Each Month (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.46  -0.79  -7.84 -10.32 
 2006 -14.89 -16.21 -17.18 -16.99 -12.77  -1.08   1.93   1.29   0.38  -1.88  -7.43 -12.43 
 2007 -17.90 -18.68 -20.09    NaN    NaN  -6.02   1.48   1.94   0.58   0.19  -4.21 -12.29 
 2008 -16.10 -17.41 -18.75 -16.38 -11.29   0.29    NaN   2.02   0.34  -0.11  -2.52 -10.19 
 2009 -14.21 -17.24 -17.46 -16.84  -7.96    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.79   0.50  -5.43 -17.45 
 2012 -20.93 -20.45 -20.07 -20.01 -12.77  -3.08   1.05   2.78   0.24  -0.42  -3.11 -13.28 
 2013 -19.44 -21.80 -20.07 -17.41 -13.75    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -9.47 
 2014 -14.25 -16.85 -17.59 -15.71 -10.38    NaN    NaN   
  
Maximum Value Each Month (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   3.42   0.48  -0.62  -6.91 
 2006  -8.79 -11.09 -13.95 -12.81  -0.92   5.39   7.97   6.87   6.16   0.42  -0.13  -5.33 
 2007 -12.47 -12.56 -16.33    NaN    NaN   5.67   6.59   7.15   4.77   0.60   0.28  -3.57 
 2008 -10.51 -13.45 -16.00 -11.08   0.45   7.78    NaN   8.07   3.64   0.43   0.09  -1.90 
 2009  -9.96 -13.39 -13.42  -6.43   1.77    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   5.42   0.83   0.77  -4.65 
 2012 -15.92 -14.97 -18.40 -12.65  -3.01   3.51   7.05   7.78   5.15   0.57  -0.30  -1.97 
 2013 -11.47 -17.84 -16.52 -13.34  -1.70    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.66 
 2014  -8.75  -9.93 -13.13 -10.42  -0.94    NaN    NaN   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.65  -0.11  -2.56  -1.44 
 2006   2.07   2.09   1.58  -0.30  -1.33   0.06   0.11  -0.81   0.55  -0.27  -0.92  -0.89 
 2007  -1.47   0.32  -1.74    NaN    NaN  -0.42   0.00  -0.15  -0.12   0.28   1.15   0.08 
 2008   0.26   0.14  -0.14   1.50  -0.39   2.48    NaN   0.33  -0.62   0.12   1.20   1.55 
 2009   1.31   0.57   1.42   0.29   2.60    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.61   0.54  -0.08  -3.27 
 2012  -4.25  -1.08  -2.06  -1.44  -1.78  -2.12  -0.12   0.64   0.23  -0.28   0.77   0.67 
 2013  -0.98  -4.27  -0.95  -1.42  -2.43    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   1.70 
 2014   2.60   2.24   1.90   1.37   3.33    NaN    NaN   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  99.86 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2006 100.00 100.00  99.46 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2007 100.00 100.00 100.00  85.69  86.69 100.00  99.60  99.19 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2008 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  87.23 100.00 100.00  99.46 100.00 100.00 
 2009 100.00  99.70 100.00 100.00 100.00  63.61   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2010   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2011   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  94.89 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2012 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2013 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  33.06   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  30.28 100.00 
 2014 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  21.94   0.00   
  
Monthly Averages (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.92  -1.41  -2.32  -6.38 
 2006  -8.74 -11.19 -12.50 -13.29 -10.72  -4.90  -2.71  -1.83  -1.43  -1.28  -1.53  -5.61 
 2007 -10.71 -12.36 -15.42    NaN    NaN  -5.88  -2.96  -1.86  -1.45  -1.24  -1.30  -4.27 
 2008  -8.98 -11.88 -13.64 -13.08 -10.21  -4.40    NaN  -1.83  -1.40  -1.15  -1.05  -3.14 
 2009  -8.09 -11.50 -12.64 -13.34  -8.52    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.15  -0.50  -1.75  -4.42 
 2012 -11.84 -13.67 -15.11 -14.99 -11.39  -6.57  -3.45  -2.04  -1.64  -1.17  -1.17  -1.96 
 2013  -8.65 -13.83 -15.08 -14.59 -11.69  -5.52  -2.12    NaN  -1.15  -1.11  -1.30  -1.61 
 2014  -6.77  -9.62 -12.17 -12.06  -7.68  -3.90  -2.12   
  
Minimum Value Each Month (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -2.13  -1.81  -4.68  -7.47 
 2006 -10.50 -11.65 -13.58 -13.68 -12.70  -7.30  -3.42  -2.25  -1.61  -1.39  -3.65  -7.88 
 2007 -12.15 -14.03 -16.21    NaN    NaN  -9.48  -3.77  -2.26  -1.66  -1.38  -1.88  -6.73 
 2008 -10.62 -12.45 -14.70 -14.65 -11.71  -6.91    NaN  -2.05  -1.64  -1.30  -1.22  -5.39 
 2009  -9.87 -12.13 -13.79 -13.85 -11.48    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.73  -0.68  -2.41  -9.43 
 2012 -14.03 -14.43 -16.05 -16.17 -13.26  -8.51  -4.77  -2.46  -1.84  -1.47  -1.27  -5.84 
 2013 -11.71 -15.46 -15.42 -15.15 -13.54  -8.27  -3.34    NaN  -1.25  -1.23  -1.73  -3.82 
 2014  -8.63 -11.39 -12.69 -12.71 -10.97  -4.98  -3.10   
  
Maximum Value Each Month (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.71  -1.06  -1.10  -4.64 
 2006  -7.41 -10.50 -11.27 -12.70  -7.26  -3.36  -2.19  -1.55  -1.23  -1.10  -1.10  -3.65 
 2007  -7.88 -11.45 -14.02    NaN    NaN  -3.70  -2.17  -1.54  -1.24  -1.13  -1.13  -1.88 
 2008  -6.71 -10.62 -12.41 -11.70  -6.90  -2.91    NaN  -1.62  -1.17  -1.03  -0.84  -0.95 
 2009  -5.41  -9.87 -11.68 -11.46  -5.38    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.50  -0.38  -0.52  -1.37 
 2012  -9.43 -13.01 -13.60 -13.28  -8.48  -4.69  -2.43  -1.71  -1.37  -0.99  -1.10  -0.23 
 2013  -5.84 -11.75 -14.68 -13.52  -8.28  -3.32  -1.29    NaN  -1.00  -0.98  -1.04  -0.79 
 2014  -3.82  -8.46 -11.11 -10.96  -4.93  -3.03  -1.45   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.52  -0.30  -0.88  -2.76 
 2006   0.20   0.82   1.29   0.27  -0.68   0.29  -0.03  -0.05  -0.03  -0.16  -0.09  -1.99 
 2007  -1.77  -0.35  -1.63    NaN    NaN  -0.68  -0.29  -0.08  -0.05  -0.13   0.14  -0.65 
 2008  -0.04   0.12   0.15   0.48  -0.18   0.79    NaN  -0.05   0.00  -0.04   0.39   0.48 
 2009   0.85   0.51   1.15   0.22   1.51    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.25   0.61  -0.31  -0.80 
 2012  -2.90  -1.66  -1.32  -1.43  -1.36  -1.38  -0.78  -0.25  -0.24  -0.06   0.27   1.66 
 2013   0.29  -1.82  -1.28  -1.03  -1.65  -0.32   0.55    NaN   0.25   0.01   0.14   2.01 
 2014   2.17   2.39   1.63   1.50   2.36   1.29   0.55   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  99.86 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2006 100.00 100.00  99.46 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2007 100.00 100.00 100.00  85.69  86.69 100.00  99.60  99.19 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2008 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  87.23 100.00 100.00  99.46 100.00 100.00 
 2009 100.00  99.70 100.00 100.00 100.00  63.61   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2010   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2011   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  94.89 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2012 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2013 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  33.06   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  30.28 100.00 
 2014 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  21.94   0.00   



Table 1d. Statistical summaries of incident solar flux data at monthly resolution. Average, anomaly, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Incident solar flux, in watts per meter squared 
  
File name:                 AK115_So_d_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   42.1   16.2    1.3   -0.0 
 2006    0.5   15.2   79.4  163.5  217.2  217.4  185.8  102.8   58.2   16.1    1.5    0.0 
 2007    0.4   10.1   67.7  146.6  230.7  268.5  224.8  142.0   64.4   19.0    1.4    0.0 
 2008    0.5   14.4   81.1  149.2  207.4  229.1    NaN   98.7   49.4   17.9    1.6    0.0 
 2009    0.6   11.3   78.6  153.2  205.5  200.0  189.3  100.6   51.7   17.4    1.6    0.0 
 2010    0.1    6.2   57.5  156.1  215.6  225.4  163.6  112.6   72.0   17.1    1.4    0.0 
 2011    0.3   13.6   72.8  175.7  234.0  206.0  170.0  112.4   46.3   20.5    1.5    0.0 
 2012    0.5    8.4    NaN    NaN  223.5  212.7  191.3  107.1   52.7   19.9    1.7    0.0 
 2013    0.4    7.3   69.5  171.5  222.4  216.3  168.9    NaN   47.8   18.8    2.4    0.0 
 2014    0.8   14.8   73.6  162.5  167.3  176.4  166.3   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -11.2   -1.9   -0.4   -0.0 
 2006   -0.0    3.9    6.8    3.7    3.5    0.5    3.3   -6.8    4.8   -2.0   -0.2    0.0 
 2007   -0.1   -1.1   -4.8  -13.2   16.9   51.7   42.3   32.4   11.1    1.0   -0.3    0.0 
 2008    0.0    3.1    8.6  -10.6   -6.3   12.3    NaN  -10.9   -4.0   -0.2   -0.1    0.0 
 2009    0.1    0.0    6.1   -6.6   -8.2  -16.9    6.8   -9.0   -1.6   -0.7   -0.1   -0.0 
 2010   -0.4   -5.0  -15.1   -3.7    1.9    8.5  -18.9    3.0   18.7   -1.0   -0.3   -0.0 
 2011   -0.2    2.4    0.3   15.9   20.3  -10.9  -12.5    2.8   -7.0    2.4   -0.2    0.0 
 2012    0.0   -2.9    NaN    NaN    9.8   -4.2    8.8   -2.5   -0.6    1.8   -0.0    0.0 
 2013   -0.1   -4.0   -3.0   11.7    8.7   -0.5  -13.6    NaN   -5.6    0.7    0.7    0.0 
 2014    0.3    3.5    1.1    2.7  -46.4  -40.5  -16.2   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2006  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.7  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2007  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2008  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.7   87.1  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2009  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2010  100.0  100.0   97.8   99.7   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2011  100.0  100.0   99.7  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0   99.9   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2012  100.0  100.0   26.2   67.6   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2013  100.0  100.0   99.9   99.7   99.6  100.0   99.9   90.9   95.7   98.4   99.9  100.0 
 2014  100.0   99.9   99.6  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   



Table 1e. Statistical summaries of reflected solar flux data at monthly resolution. Average, anomaly, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Reflected solar flux, in watts per meter squared 
  
File name:                 AK115_So_u_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    7.5   10.3    1.8   -0.1 
 2006    0.4   13.7   72.1  148.4  184.0   61.4   39.4   21.4   10.6    7.1    1.5   -0.0 
 2007    0.4   13.5   64.5  128.3  194.9   64.7   47.7   30.6   13.0   15.6    1.5   -0.0 
 2008    0.6   15.2   73.5  131.4  153.5   38.5    NaN   18.6    9.6   18.4    1.7    0.0 
 2009    0.7   12.1   73.5  138.9  138.7   34.7   44.4   20.4   13.3   11.9    1.8    0.0 
 2010    0.7   13.6   66.2  140.9  189.6   61.9   32.6   22.6   14.5   12.0    1.4    0.0 
 2011    0.6   12.3   69.0  158.7  194.3   31.4   40.6   27.6   11.5   19.5    1.8    0.0 
 2012    0.6    8.1   70.0  139.1  193.8   53.9   48.5   26.5    9.1   10.9    1.8    0.1 
 2013    0.7   13.7   67.2  156.5  183.5   38.0   41.1    NaN   25.8   19.7    2.0    0.0 
 2014    0.8   14.7   68.2  145.1  113.5   35.8   39.0   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   -5.3   -3.7    0.0   -0.1 
 2006   -0.2    0.7    2.8    5.4   12.3   14.7   -2.3   -2.8   -2.2   -6.8   -0.3   -0.0 
 2007   -0.2    0.5   -4.9  -14.8   23.2   18.0    6.0    6.4    0.2    1.6   -0.2   -0.0 
 2008   -0.0    2.2    4.2  -11.7  -18.3   -8.2    NaN   -5.6   -3.1    4.4   -0.1    0.0 
 2009    0.1   -0.9    4.1   -4.2  -33.0  -12.0    2.7   -3.8    0.5   -2.1    0.1    0.0 
 2010    0.0    0.6   -3.1   -2.1   17.8   15.2   -9.0   -1.6    1.8   -2.0   -0.3    0.0 
 2011   -0.1   -0.7   -0.3   15.6   22.6  -15.3   -1.1    3.4   -1.3    5.5    0.1    0.0 
 2012    0.0   -4.9    0.6   -3.9   22.1    7.2    6.8    2.3   -3.7   -3.1    0.1    0.0 
 2013    0.1    0.7   -2.2   13.5   11.7   -8.7   -0.5    NaN   13.1    5.7    0.3    0.0 
 2014    0.2    1.7   -1.2    2.0  -58.3  -10.9   -2.7   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2006  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0 
 2007  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2008  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   87.2  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2009  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2010  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2011  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2012  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2013  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   92.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2014  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   



Table 1f. Statistical summaries of rainfall data at monthly resolution. Maximum, accumulated total, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Rainfall, in millimeters per hour 
  
File name:                 AK115_rain_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Maximum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0 
 2006    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    NaN    1.0    1.3    4.6    0.5    2.0    0.0    0.0 
 2007    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.3    0.8    1.3    2.0    0.8    0.0    0.0 
 2008    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    1.3    NaN    1.0    0.5    0.3    0.0    0.0 
 2009    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    2.0    3.0    2.8    1.0    0.5    0.0    0.0 
 2010    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    NaN    0.3    6.9    1.0    0.3    0.3    0.0    0.0 
 2011    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.3    3.0    1.8    1.0    1.3    0.0    0.0 
 2012    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.3    1.5    1.3    1.3    0.8    0.0    0.0 
 2013    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    1.3    3.3    NaN    1.0    0.0    0.0    0.0 
 2014    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    NaN    2.0    2.5   
  
Accumulated Total for Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0 
 2006    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    NaN    6.6   25.4   26.9    4.8    8.1    0.0    0.0 
 2007    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    1.0    1.8   10.4   14.5    0.8    0.0    0.0 
 2008    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    9.4    NaN   18.8    6.9    0.3    0.0    0.0 
 2009    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    9.4   12.4   65.8    8.4    1.5    0.0    0.0 
 2010    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    NaN    0.5   46.5   11.2    3.6    0.3    0.0    0.0 
 2011    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    1.5   18.3   16.8   32.5    6.9    0.0    0.0 
 2012    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.5   13.5   28.4   23.9    2.5    0.0    0.0 
 2013    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    9.1   49.0    NaN   15.7    0.0    0.0    0.0 
 2014    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    NaN   33.0   13.7   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2006  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   94.2   97.2  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2007  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.2   98.5  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2008  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   98.1  100.0   87.2  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2009  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.7   98.8   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2010  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   94.6   97.6  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2011  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.2  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2012  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.2   99.7  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0 
 2013  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.6   97.2  100.0   92.9   99.6   99.7  100.0  100.0 
 2014  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   93.7   98.2  100.0   



Table 1g. Statistical summaries of snow depth data at monthly resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 90 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 90 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Snow depth, in centimeters 
  
File name:                 AK115_snowD_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    2.6    5.2    9.4   18.8 
 2006   21.4   25.3   39.1   42.8   39.3    9.1    6.8    6.6    6.1    4.9    6.7   12.9 
 2007   11.6   15.7   16.5   22.5   31.7   12.2    NaN    4.6    NaN    6.3   22.7   23.3 
 2008   26.3   27.1    NaN   29.8   22.9    3.5    5.9    8.9    8.4   19.7   34.5   29.8 
 2009   28.4   41.4   56.1   57.0   41.7    6.0    6.2    8.4   11.2    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    3.2    2.5    6.8   18.0   23.2 
 2011   23.8   26.8    NaN   50.3   45.1    5.2    3.5    4.5    5.8   13.9   16.8   18.0 
 2012   27.1   40.6   40.0   40.7   43.3    8.4    4.6    5.2    5.2   10.2   18.8   21.8 
 2013   19.8   20.8   23.0   35.8   30.3    6.5    3.6    2.3    4.4   12.8   20.7   34.2 
 2014   38.3   39.3   46.6   50.4   23.1    0.8   -2.1   
  
Minimum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   -1.9   -0.4    4.7    9.1 
 2006   18.7   19.6   29.5   39.2   19.3    0.5    1.7    3.6    0.3    1.5    0.4    5.9 
 2007    5.2   12.8   14.0   14.8   28.3    0.9    NaN    1.1    NaN    2.3    9.3   15.1 
 2008   20.8   23.7    NaN   26.4    0.7    0.0   -1.0    5.2    3.4    6.0   27.9   21.2 
 2009   21.4   28.0   54.1   47.9    6.4   -1.4   -0.7   -0.9    8.7    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   -0.8   -0.1    2.0    9.4   17.3 
 2011   22.2   22.6    NaN   47.8   19.1   -1.1   -1.0   -1.0    0.1    5.7   15.0   15.9 
 2012   18.5   30.7   35.7   36.7   29.4    0.0   -0.3   -0.2   -0.1    3.3   14.0   17.8 
 2013   17.6   18.6   17.8   28.5    9.1   -1.2   -0.8    0.5   -0.2   10.0   13.3   21.6 
 2014   35.6   36.0   38.4   45.1    4.4   -4.0   -4.3   
  
Maximum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    7.4    8.6   17.6   29.8 
 2006   26.5   35.0   52.3   47.1   48.0   24.5   11.4   11.3   10.8   10.1    8.5   15.3 
 2007   18.5   18.8   19.2   29.3   38.2   29.5    NaN    8.0    NaN   24.8   26.4   28.2 
 2008   30.2   29.5    NaN   38.6   40.7    8.6    9.1   12.7   12.1   30.4   44.7   47.0 
 2009   34.8   61.5   59.3   62.1   48.5   11.6   12.3   14.4   13.4    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    7.6    6.7   18.5   30.6   29.9 
 2011   28.6   37.8    NaN   51.2   51.8   37.4    8.1   11.2   10.2   20.0   21.2   22.5 
 2012   34.2   46.5   44.4   47.8   56.1   29.9   12.2    8.3   10.6   20.7   22.3   26.4 
 2013   24.5   23.8   33.5   43.7   39.7   42.0    6.9    6.7   16.9   20.3   34.2   38.9 
 2014   43.2   43.3   50.6   55.0   45.8    7.1    2.0   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   -5.5   -7.1  -10.8   -5.6 
 2006   -4.6   -4.3    2.2    1.6    4.7    2.7    2.7    0.9   -2.0   -7.5  -13.6  -11.5 
 2007  -14.5  -13.9  -20.4  -18.7   -3.0    5.7    NaN   -1.1    NaN   -6.1    2.4   -1.2 
 2008    0.2   -2.5    NaN  -11.4  -11.8   -3.0    1.8    3.2    0.4    7.3   14.3    5.4 
 2009    2.3   11.8   19.2   15.8    7.0   -0.4    2.1    2.7    3.1    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   -2.5   -5.5   -5.5   -2.2   -1.2 
 2011   -2.3   -2.8    NaN    9.1   10.4   -1.3   -0.6   -1.2   -2.3    1.5   -3.4   -6.5 
 2012    1.0   10.9    3.1   -0.4    8.6    1.9    0.5   -0.5   -2.8   -2.2   -1.5   -2.6 
 2013   -6.2   -8.8  -13.8   -5.4   -4.4   -0.0   -0.4   -3.4   -3.7    0.5    0.5    9.8 
 2014   12.2    9.7    9.7    9.2  -11.6   -5.7   -6.2   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0   98.2   99.1   99.6   98.1 
 2006   97.0   97.6   96.9   99.4  100.0   97.6   63.2   73.0   98.3   99.9   98.9   99.6 
 2007   97.4   99.3   99.5   98.8   97.0   35.3   11.4   58.2   10.1   63.2   89.3   93.0 
 2008   69.4   30.0    6.6   99.0   94.2   98.2   71.9   72.6   79.6   89.2   82.6   94.6 
 2009   96.1   96.1   98.7   93.3   52.2   40.8   32.4   46.2   34.0    0.0    0.0    0.0 
 2010    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0   80.5   98.1   98.4   97.9   91.9 
 2011   96.4   95.1    3.9   57.9   99.7   99.2   95.8   95.6   94.9   98.3   96.5   95.3 
 2012   91.9   93.2   90.7   97.6   98.9   94.0   91.4   94.4   94.3   97.2   97.1   96.6 
 2013   92.2   95.1   94.9   95.6   96.9   96.7   91.4   92.1   99.7   99.5   97.4   98.1 
 2014   97.8   93.9   98.8   99.4   99.7  100.0   92.2   



Table 1h. Statistical summaries of soil moisture data at monthly resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Soil moisture, in water fraction by volume 
  
File name:                 AK115_Smoist_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.39   0.12   0.03   0.01 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.26   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.23   0.03   0.01 
 2007    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.27   0.39   0.38   0.39   0.21   0.05   0.02 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.36    NaN   0.39   0.39   0.35   0.06   0.02 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.38   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.34   0.03   0.01 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.24   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.28   0.05   0.03 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.24   0.39   0.37   0.37   0.37   0.12    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.21   0.37   0.38   0.38   0.38   0.19   0.02 
 2013    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.26   0.38    NaN   0.37   0.37   0.16   0.02 
 2014   0.01    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.24   0.38   
  
Minimum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.39   0.05   0.01   0.01 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.00   0.03   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.04   0.01   0.00 
 2007    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.00   0.01   0.38   0.38   0.38   0.07   0.02   0.01 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.04    NaN   0.39   0.39   0.15   0.03   0.01 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.05   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.07   0.01   0.01 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.00   0.02   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.06   0.04   0.01 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.00   0.03   0.39   0.37   0.37   0.37   0.02    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.00   0.02   0.37   0.38   0.38   0.38   0.03   0.01 
 2013    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.00   0.03   0.37    NaN   0.37   0.37   0.03   0.01 
 2014   0.00    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.00   0.03   0.38   
  
Maximum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.39   0.39   0.05   0.02 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.40   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.05   0.02 
 2007    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.40   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.07   0.03 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.05   0.39    NaN   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.15   0.04 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.05   0.40   0.40   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.07   0.02 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.40   0.40   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.06   0.05 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.40   0.39   0.39   0.37   0.37   0.37    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.39   0.38   0.39   0.38   0.38   0.38   0.04 
 2013    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.39   0.38    NaN   0.38   0.37   0.37   0.04 
 2014   0.01    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.39   0.39   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01  -0.18  -0.07  -0.01 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.00  -0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01  -0.07  -0.06  -0.01 
 2007    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.01  -0.00   0.00  -0.00   0.00  -0.10  -0.04  -0.00 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.00   0.09    NaN   0.01   0.01   0.05  -0.03   0.00 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.10   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.03  -0.06  -0.01 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.00  -0.03   0.01   0.00   0.01  -0.02  -0.04   0.01 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.00  -0.03   0.01  -0.01  -0.02   0.07   0.03    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.00  -0.06  -0.01  -0.00  -0.00   0.08   0.10   0.00 
 2013    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.00  -0.01  -0.01    NaN  -0.01   0.07   0.07   0.00 
 2014    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01  -0.03  -0.01   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2005   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  99.86 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2006  73.25  31.70   0.00   6.53 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2007   2.15  15.92   0.00  36.81 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2008  39.92   0.00   0.00  47.22 100.00 100.00  87.23 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2009  89.92   8.63   5.11  24.31 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2010  25.00   0.00   0.00  60.42 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2011  82.12  89.29  69.09  63.75 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  64.92 
 2012   0.00   0.00   0.00  23.06 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2013  42.88   0.00   0.00   6.81 100.00 100.00 100.00  92.88 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2014 100.00  48.36   8.74  51.94 100.00 100.00 100.00   



Table 1i. Statistical summaries of surface pressure data at monthly resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Data for this station is not available


Table 2a. Statistical summaries of air temperature data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Air temperature, in degrees Celsius 
  
File name:                 AK115_Tair_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  -9.61    NaN 
 2006 -23.90 -18.07   6.32  -5.77 -10.15 
 2007 -24.78 -16.93   7.21  -5.29 -10.00 
 2008 -26.73 -15.67   6.82  -7.87 -10.78 
 2009 -24.75 -16.35   6.86  -7.75 -10.62 
 2010 -24.74 -14.85   6.79  -4.29  -9.65 
 2011 -24.21 -15.80   6.20  -8.04 -10.38 
 2012 -28.27 -18.20   9.10  -5.93 -10.84 
 2013 -27.99 -16.48   7.91  -6.54 -10.34 
 2014 -22.67 -13.41   
  
Minimum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN -40.41    NaN 
 2006 -46.46 -41.42  -5.70 -30.61 -46.46 
 2007 -44.51 -42.07  -4.07 -28.43 -44.51 
 2008 -44.59 -41.96  -2.50 -32.62 -44.59 
 2009 -44.12 -41.38  -1.75 -34.32 -44.12 
 2010 -44.12 -39.67  -1.77 -27.80 -44.12 
 2011 -42.91 -36.78  -3.73 -36.98 -42.33 
 2012 -48.35 -43.10  -1.70 -30.07 -48.35 
 2013 -40.77 -37.93  -5.87 -29.54 -40.77 
 2014 -42.97 -38.54   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  10.35    NaN 
 2006   1.19   7.74  20.07  17.90  20.07 
 2007  -2.06   1.80  25.68  16.70  25.68 
 2008   1.64   9.36  25.31   6.53  25.31 
 2009  -1.66   7.96  27.15  14.19  27.15 
 2010  -2.77   1.44  22.50  18.38  22.50 
 2011  -0.25   9.10  21.29  15.14  21.29 
 2012  -5.97   3.84  23.49  10.94  23.49 
 2013 -13.22   5.75  23.60  13.08  23.60 
 2014   0.64   6.23   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  -2.89    NaN 
 2006   1.43  -1.88  -0.63   0.95   0.08 
 2007   0.55  -0.74   0.26   1.42   0.23 
 2008  -1.39   0.53  -0.13  -1.15  -0.55 
 2009   0.59  -0.15  -0.08  -1.03  -0.39 
 2010   0.59   1.34  -0.15   2.43   0.58 
 2011   1.13   0.40  -0.74  -1.32  -0.15 
 2012  -2.93  -2.00   2.15   0.79  -0.61 
 2013  -2.65  -0.28   0.97   0.18  -0.11 
 2014   2.67   2.78   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005   0.00   0.00   0.00 100.00   0.00 
 2006 100.00 100.00  99.95 100.00  99.99 
 2007 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2008 100.00 100.00  95.70 100.00  98.92 
 2009 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2010 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2011 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2012 100.00 100.00  99.86 100.00  99.97 
 2013 100.00 100.00  97.60 100.00  99.39 
 2014 100.00 100.00   



Table 2b. Statistical summaries of wind speed data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, maximum, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Wind speed, in meters per second 
  
File name:                 AK115_U_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN   3.75   3.65    NaN 
 2007   3.49   3.82   4.22    NaN   4.07 
 2008   3.45    NaN   3.56   3.75    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN   4.39   3.54    NaN 
 2010    NaN   4.12   4.39    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN   3.93    NaN 
 2012   3.59   3.38   4.00   3.49   3.54 
 2013   4.32   4.26   3.72   3.97   4.16 
 2014   4.48   3.55   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN  10.31  17.63    NaN 
 2007  14.20  13.75  11.16    NaN  17.67 
 2008  19.53    NaN   9.59  11.86    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN   9.43  12.92    NaN 
 2010    NaN  10.47  11.33    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN  12.33    NaN 
 2012  15.28  11.82  11.20  10.19  13.48 
 2013  18.69  16.71  10.43  16.13  18.69 
 2014  14.50  13.18   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN  -0.28  -0.16    NaN 
 2007  -0.37  -0.00   0.19    NaN    NaN 
 2008  -0.42    NaN  -0.48  -0.07    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN   0.36  -0.28    NaN 
 2010    NaN   0.29   0.35    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.11    NaN 
 2012  -0.28  -0.44  -0.03  -0.32    NaN 
 2013   0.45   0.43  -0.32   0.16    NaN 
 2014   0.61  -0.28   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005   0.00   0.00   0.00  13.78   0.00 
 2006   0.00  65.72  99.95  98.72  74.86 
 2007  99.68  99.05 100.00  91.48  97.49 
 2008  99.54  84.42  95.70 100.00  93.84 
 2009  86.30  79.85 100.00  97.12  89.33 
 2010  86.62 100.00 100.00  78.53  85.57 
 2011  11.16   0.00  33.20  97.16  43.68 
 2012  97.89  99.50 100.00 100.00  99.35 
 2013  95.97  99.95  97.60  98.26  97.66 
 2014  96.67  99.82   



Table 2c. Statistical summaries of ground temperature data at 10- and 120- centimeter depths at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Ground temperature, in degrees Celsius 
  
File name:                 AK115_Tg_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.00    NaN 
 2006 -11.46 -12.89   3.11  -0.12  -5.27 
 2007 -13.04    NaN   3.13   0.53  -5.75 
 2008 -12.21 -12.57   4.70   0.33  -4.91 
 2009 -11.16 -11.43    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.45    NaN 
 2012 -15.27 -14.65   2.80   0.33  -6.36 
 2013 -13.77 -14.48    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2014 -10.15 -10.68   
  
Minimum Value Each Season/Year (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  -7.84    NaN 
 2006 -16.21 -17.18  -1.08  -7.43 -17.18 
 2007 -18.68    NaN  -6.02  -4.21 -20.09 
 2008 -17.41 -18.75   0.29  -2.52 -18.75 
 2009 -17.24 -17.46    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN  -5.43    NaN 
 2012 -20.93 -20.07  -3.08  -3.11 -20.93 
 2013 -21.80 -20.07    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2014 -16.85 -17.59   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN   3.42    NaN 
 2006  -6.91  -0.92   7.97   6.16   7.97 
 2007  -5.33    NaN   7.15   4.77   7.15 
 2008  -3.57   0.45   8.43   3.64   8.43 
 2009  -1.90   1.77    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN   5.42    NaN 
 2012  -4.65  -3.01   7.78   5.15   7.78 
 2013  -1.97  -1.70    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2014  -1.66  -0.94   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.09    NaN 
 2006   0.97  -0.10  -0.33  -0.21   0.30 
 2007  -0.60    NaN  -0.30   0.44  -0.18 
 2008   0.23   0.21   1.26   0.24   0.66 
 2009   1.28   1.35    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.37    NaN 
 2012  -2.84  -1.86  -0.63   0.24  -0.79 
 2013  -1.33  -1.70    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2014   2.29   2.11   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005   0.00   0.00   0.00  99.95   0.00 
 2006 100.00  99.82  99.95 100.00  99.94 
 2007 100.00  90.85  99.59 100.00  97.59 
 2008 100.00 100.00  95.70  99.82  98.87 
 2009  99.91 100.00  20.74   0.00  46.58 
 2010   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2011   0.00   0.00  31.97 100.00  41.48 
 2012 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2013 100.00 100.00  10.78   9.98  55.07 
 2014 100.00 100.00   
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.88    NaN 
 2006  -8.69 -12.16  -3.13  -1.41  -6.28 
 2007  -9.47    NaN  -3.55  -1.33  -6.77 
 2008  -8.30 -12.30  -2.89  -1.20  -6.12 
 2009  -7.44 -11.48    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.12    NaN 
 2012  -9.89 -13.82  -3.99  -1.33  -7.06 
 2013  -7.96 -13.78  -2.98  -1.18  -6.47 
 2014  -5.88 -10.62   
  
Minimum Value Each Season/Year (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  -4.68    NaN 
 2006 -11.65 -13.68  -7.30  -3.65 -13.68 
 2007 -14.03    NaN  -9.48  -1.88 -16.21 
 2008 -12.45 -14.70  -6.91  -1.64 -14.70 
 2009 -12.13 -13.85    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN  -2.41    NaN 
 2012 -14.43 -16.17  -8.51  -1.84 -16.17 
 2013 -15.46 -15.42  -8.27  -1.73 -15.46 
 2014 -11.39 -12.71   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.06    NaN 
 2006  -4.64  -7.26  -1.55  -1.10  -1.10 
 2007  -3.65    NaN  -1.54  -1.13  -1.13 
 2008  -1.88  -6.90  -1.62  -0.84  -0.84 
 2009  -0.95  -5.38    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.38    NaN 
 2012  -1.37  -8.48  -1.71  -0.99  -0.23 
 2013  -0.23  -8.28  -1.06  -0.98  -0.79 
 2014  -0.79  -4.93   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.56    NaN 
 2006  -0.46   0.20   0.03  -0.09   0.00 
 2007  -1.23    NaN  -0.39  -0.01  -0.48 
 2008  -0.07   0.05   0.28   0.11   0.16 
 2009   0.79   0.88    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.20    NaN 
 2012  -1.66  -1.46  -0.83  -0.01  -0.77 
 2013   0.28  -1.42   0.19   0.13  -0.19 
 2014   2.35   1.74   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005   0.00   0.00   0.00  99.95   0.00 
 2006 100.00  99.82  99.95 100.00  99.94 
 2007 100.00  90.85  99.59 100.00  97.59 
 2008 100.00 100.00  95.70  99.82  98.87 
 2009  99.91 100.00  20.74   0.00  46.58 
 2010   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2011   0.00   0.00  31.97 100.00  41.48 
 2012 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2013 100.00 100.00  10.78   9.98  55.07 
 2014 100.00 100.00   



Table 2d. Statistical summaries of incident solar-flux data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, anomaly, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Incident solar flux, in watts per meter squared 
  
File name:                 AK115_So_d_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN   19.8    NaN 
 2006    4.9  153.2  168.2   25.1   88.5 
 2007    3.3  148.3  211.2   28.2   98.5 
 2008    4.8  145.9  176.7   22.9   87.0 
 2009    3.7  145.7  163.0   23.5   84.6 
 2010    2.0  143.5  166.6   30.0   86.0 
 2011    4.4  160.7  162.3   22.8   88.2 
 2012    2.9    NaN  169.9   24.7    NaN 
 2013    2.4  154.2  158.6   22.6   84.7 
 2014    4.9  134.3   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN   -4.4    NaN 
 2006    1.2    5.0   -1.1    0.9    1.5 
 2007   -0.4    0.1   41.8    3.9   11.5 
 2008    1.1   -2.3    7.4   -1.4    0.0 
 2009    0.1   -2.5   -6.4   -0.8   -2.4 
 2010   -1.7   -4.7   -2.8    5.8   -0.9 
 2011    0.7   12.5   -7.0   -1.5    1.2 
 2012   -0.8    NaN    0.6    0.5    NaN 
 2013   -1.3    6.0  -10.8   -1.6   -2.2 
 2014    1.2  -14.0   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    0.0    0.0    0.0  100.0    0.0 
 2006  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2007  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2008  100.0  100.0   95.6  100.0   98.9 
 2009  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2010  100.0   99.1  100.0  100.0   99.8 
 2011  100.0   99.9   99.9  100.0   99.9 
 2012  100.0   64.5  100.0  100.0   91.1 
 2013  100.0   99.7   96.9   98.0   98.6 
 2014  100.0   99.9   



Table 2e. Statistical summaries of reflected solar-flux data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, anomaly, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Reflected solar flux, in watts per meter squared 
  
File name:                 AK115_So_u_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    6.6    NaN 
 2006    4.4  134.7   40.5    6.4   46.8 
 2007    4.4  129.2   47.5   10.1   48.1 
 2008    5.0  119.3   32.7   10.0   42.1 
 2009    4.0  116.8   33.1    9.0   41.0 
 2010    4.5  132.2   38.8    9.3   46.5 
 2011    4.0  140.5   33.2   11.0   47.5 
 2012    2.8  134.3   42.8    7.3   47.0 
 2013    4.6  135.5   32.2   15.9   47.4 
 2014    4.9  108.5   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN   -3.0    NaN 
 2006    0.1    6.8    3.3   -3.1    1.7 
 2007    0.1    1.4   10.3    0.5    3.0 
 2008    0.8   -8.6   -4.5    0.4   -3.1 
 2009   -0.2  -11.1   -4.0   -0.5   -4.1 
 2010    0.2    4.3    1.6   -0.2    1.4 
 2011   -0.3   12.6   -3.9    1.5    2.4 
 2012   -1.5    6.4    5.7   -2.2    1.9 
 2013    0.3    7.6   -5.0    6.3    2.3 
 2014    0.6  -19.4   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    0.0    0.0    0.0  100.0    0.0 
 2006  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2007  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2008  100.0  100.0   95.7  100.0   98.9 
 2009  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2010  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2011  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2012  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2013  100.0  100.0   97.6  100.0   99.4 
 2014  100.0  100.0   



Table 2f. Statistical summaries of rainfall data at seasonal and annual resolution. Maximum, accumulated total, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Rainfall, in millimeters per hour 
  
File name:                 AK115_rain_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    0.0    NaN 
 2006    0.0    0.0    4.6    2.0    4.6 
 2007    0.0    0.0    1.3    2.0    2.0 
 2008    0.0    0.0    1.5    0.5    1.5 
 2009    0.0    0.0    3.0    1.0    3.0 
 2010    0.0    0.0    6.9    0.3    6.9 
 2011    0.0    0.0    3.0    1.3    3.0 
 2012    0.0    0.0    1.5    1.3    1.5 
 2013    0.0    0.0    3.3    1.0    3.3 
 2014    0.0    0.0   
  
Accumulated Total for Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    0.0    NaN 
 2006    0.0    0.0   58.9   13.0   71.9 
 2007    0.0    0.0   13.2   15.2   28.4 
 2008    0.0    0.0   62.2    7.1   69.3 
 2009    0.0    0.0   87.6    9.9   97.5 
 2010    0.0    0.0   58.2    3.8   62.0 
 2011    0.0    0.0   36.6   39.4   75.9 
 2012    0.0    0.0   42.4   26.4   68.8 
 2013    0.0    0.0   78.5   15.7   94.2 
 2014    0.0    0.0   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    0.0    0.0    0.0  100.0    0.0 
 2006  100.0   98.1   99.0  100.0   99.3 
 2007  100.0   99.2  100.0  100.0   99.8 
 2008  100.0   99.4   95.7  100.0   98.8 
 2009  100.0   99.5  100.0  100.0   99.9 
 2010  100.0   98.2   99.2  100.0   99.3 
 2011  100.0   99.7  100.0  100.0   99.9 
 2012  100.0   99.7   99.9  100.0   99.9 
 2013  100.0   99.9   96.7   99.8   99.1 
 2014  100.0   97.9   



Table 2g. Statistical summaries of snow depth data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 90 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 90 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Snow depth, in centimeters 
  
File name:                 AK115_snowD_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    5.8    NaN 
 2006   21.7   40.4    7.7    5.9   19.0 
 2007   13.4   23.5    7.1   15.1   17.6 
 2008   24.9   26.4    5.9   21.0   19.6 
 2009   33.0   53.3    7.0    NaN   35.4 
 2010    NaN    NaN    3.2    9.1   10.9 
 2011   24.6   46.6    4.4   12.2   18.3 
 2012   28.2   41.4    6.1   11.4   22.2 
 2013   20.8   29.7    4.1   12.6   17.9 
 2014   37.1   39.9   
  
Minimum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN   -1.9    NaN 
 2006    9.1   19.3    0.5    0.3    0.3 
 2007    5.2   14.0    0.9   -0.0   -0.0 
 2008   15.1    0.7   -1.0    3.4   -1.0 
 2009   21.2    6.4   -1.4    NaN   -1.4 
 2010    NaN    NaN   -0.8   -0.1   -0.8 
 2011   17.3   19.1   -1.1    0.1   -1.1 
 2012   15.9   29.4   -0.3   -0.1   -0.3 
 2013   17.6    9.1   -1.2   -0.2   -1.2 
 2014   21.6    4.4   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN   17.6    NaN 
 2006   35.0   52.3   24.5   10.8   52.3 
 2007   18.8   38.2   29.5   26.4   38.2 
 2008   30.2   40.7   12.7   44.7   47.0 
 2009   61.5   62.1   14.4    NaN   62.1 
 2010    NaN    NaN    7.6   30.6   30.6 
 2011   37.8   51.8   37.4   21.2   51.8 
 2012   46.5   56.1   29.9   22.3   56.1 
 2013   26.4   43.7   42.0   34.2   43.7 
 2014   43.3   55.0   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN   -8.0    NaN 
 2006   -3.7    2.8    2.4   -7.9   -2.0 
 2007  -12.1  -14.1    1.8    1.3   -3.4 
 2008   -0.5  -11.3    0.6    7.2   -1.4 
 2009    7.5   15.7    1.7    NaN   14.4 
 2010    NaN    NaN   -2.1   -4.7  -10.1 
 2011   -0.9    8.9   -0.9   -1.5   -2.7 
 2012    2.7    3.8    0.8   -2.3    1.2 
 2013   -4.6   -8.0   -1.1   -1.2   -3.1 
 2014   11.7    2.2   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    0.0    0.0    0.0   98.9    0.0 
 2006   97.6   98.8   77.7   99.0   93.4 
 2007   98.8   98.4   35.0   54.3   70.9 
 2008   64.9   66.3   80.7   83.9   74.1 
 2009   95.6   81.2   39.8   11.2   48.8 
 2010    0.0    0.0   27.1   98.1   39.1 
 2011   94.4   53.8   96.8   96.6   85.6 
 2012   93.5   95.7   93.3   96.2   94.8 
 2013   94.6   95.8   93.3   98.9   95.8 
 2014   96.7   99.3   



Table 2h. Statistical summaries of soil moisture data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Ikpikpuk 
Variable:   Soil moisture, in water fraction by volume 
  
File name:                 AK115_Smoist_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.18    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN   0.35   0.22    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN   0.35   0.21    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN   0.38   0.27    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN   0.39   0.25    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN   0.34   0.24    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN   0.34   0.29    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN   0.32   0.32    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN   0.34   0.30    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN   
  
Minimum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.01    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.02    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.03    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN   0.05   0.01    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.04    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.02    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.03    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.03    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.39    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN   0.40   0.39    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN   0.40   0.39    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN   0.39   0.39    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN   0.40   0.39    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN   0.40   0.39    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN   0.40   0.37    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN   0.39   0.38    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN   0.39   0.38    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.08    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN   0.00  -0.04    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN  -0.00  -0.05    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.01    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN   0.04  -0.01    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN  -0.00  -0.02    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN  -0.01   0.03    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN  -0.03   0.06    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN  -0.01   0.04    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2005   0.00   0.00   0.00  99.95   0.00 
 2006  69.54  35.82  99.95 100.00  76.30 
 2007  40.14  45.70 100.00 100.00  71.55 
 2008  47.66  49.09  95.70 100.00  73.11 
 2009  68.10  43.34 100.00 100.00  77.85 
 2010  43.06  53.40 100.00 100.00  74.21 
 2011  90.51  77.76 100.00 100.00  89.08 
 2012  22.12  41.21 100.00 100.00  68.83 
 2013  49.21  35.91  97.60 100.00  70.72 
 2014  83.94  53.58   


Table 2i. Statistical summaries of surface pressure data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Data for this station is not available

First posted March 4, 2016


For additional information contact:
Director, Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
Box 25046, Mail Stop 980
Denver, CO 80225
http://gec.cr.usgs.gov/

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