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Data Series 977

Notice: This USGS Publication Supersedes Data Series 892

DOI/GTN-P Climate and Active-Layer Data Acquired in the National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska and the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, 1998–2014

By Frank E. Urban and Gary D. Clow

Piksiksak

GTN-P code: U37

Latitude: 70°02.197′N

Longitude: 157°04.882′W

Elevation: 33 meters above mean sea level

Installation date: 08 AUG 2004

Piksiksak location map Link to the Drew Point site Link to the Drew Point site Link to the Inigok site Link to the Fish Creek site Link to the Awuna1 site Link to the Umiat site Link to the Tunalik site Link to the Koluktak site Link to the South Meade site Link to the Awuna2 site Link to the Piksiksak site Link to the East Teshekpuk site Link to the East Teshekpuk site Link to the Ikpikpuk site Link to the Lake 145 site Link to the Lake 145 site Link to the Niguanak site Link to the Marsh Creek site Link to the Camden Bay site Link to the Red Sheep Creek site
Figure 1. Location map presenting the specific location of the Piksiksak site and its spatial relation to other sites in the monitoring network. (NPR-A, National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska; ANWR, Arctic National Wildlife Refuge)
Piksiksak site photo during the summer, 2008
Figure 2. Piksiksak station in summer 2008. (Click image for larger version.)
Figure showing seasonal windroses
Figure 3. Piksiksak: Seasonal windroses. The wind direction and speed data are divided into 16 wind direction categories (22.5° each) and 3 wind speed classes: less than 5 m/s, between 5 m/s and 10 m/s, and greater than 10 m/s. The percentage of time that wind speeds occupy each class and directional category (concentric rings) is presented for each season: winter (December, January, February), spring (March, April, May), summer (June, July, August), and autumn (September, October, November). (m/s, meters per second; U, wind speed; N, north; E, east; S, south; W, west) (Click image for larger version.)

Data Access (Large file will open in new window)


Tables

Table 1a. Statistical summaries of air temperature data at monthly resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Air temperature, in degrees Celsius 
  
File name:                 AK113_Tair_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.36  -6.69 -17.65 -25.04 
 2005 -24.04 -27.52 -23.74 -16.83  -4.60   5.07   8.16   9.06   1.46  -7.68 -22.59 -23.13 
 2006 -27.05 -22.33 -29.94 -20.81  -3.65   7.23   9.18   5.25   4.11  -4.30 -16.76 -20.63 
 2007 -28.28 -25.75 -28.39 -14.19  -7.58   7.88  12.43  10.05   3.51  -8.23 -14.04 -21.54 
 2008 -30.40 -29.03 -29.91 -12.77  -3.61   8.71  10.48   4.37   0.05  -7.84 -17.47 -18.02 
 2009 -27.60 -26.89 -31.24 -14.82  -1.28   6.96  12.36   6.79   0.86  -5.30 -21.40 -21.60 
 2010 -28.76 -26.04 -26.37 -12.26  -5.93   6.00  10.18   8.99   4.09  -7.04 -11.59 -25.02 
 2011 -23.40 -19.65 -20.00 -20.49  -4.26   5.62  10.21   7.60   2.44  -6.12 -22.83 -26.32 
 2012 -32.72 -25.38 -33.39 -16.93  -5.05   8.04  12.32   9.37   1.65  -2.81 -17.76 -26.41 
 2013 -27.34 -32.43 -24.13 -19.38  -2.84  10.30  12.11   6.59  -0.31  -4.92 -14.94 -20.72 
 2014 -22.23 -23.17 -21.95 -14.34  -1.06   5.23   8.77   
  
Minimum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -8.87 -22.97 -33.38 -39.38 
 2005 -40.30 -39.29 -38.60 -32.96 -12.71  -3.81  -0.69  -2.86  -5.37 -25.27 -39.10 -39.58 
 2006 -40.92 -45.73 -40.95 -34.34 -25.12  -5.93  -0.41  -3.66  -3.87 -14.75 -32.32 -40.64 
 2007 -42.75 -44.20 -41.99 -25.53 -22.75  -2.58   2.81  -0.90  -6.66 -21.62 -28.41 -43.14 
 2008 -45.37 -42.03 -43.42 -31.56 -16.10  -4.84  -0.30  -5.37  -9.65 -19.16 -30.45 -32.24 
 2009 -39.48 -43.42 -41.59 -30.78 -13.92  -1.00   1.80  -2.31 -10.77 -21.63 -37.24 -41.45 
 2010 -45.15 -43.86 -44.20 -29.08 -21.86  -1.08  -0.43  -0.78  -8.93 -18.60 -27.05 -45.01 
 2011 -44.62 -33.52 -36.99 -34.61 -21.57  -3.49   2.26  -1.09  -5.40 -23.35 -41.27 -38.27 
 2012 -47.33 -48.00 -42.79 -36.79 -25.20  -1.39   1.41   0.10  -4.40 -18.67 -31.19 -39.42 
 2013 -39.32 -42.38 -36.60 -34.96 -26.45  -4.67   2.48  -4.31 -12.17 -19.15 -31.81 -35.81 
 2014 -43.08 -41.46 -38.82 -32.39 -11.56  -2.95  -1.20   
  
Maximum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  12.71   1.94  -1.06  -3.59 
 2005   1.51  -5.12  -1.12   5.28   1.36  21.37  20.92  24.84  12.93   3.37  -7.99  -7.34 
 2006 -16.11   3.53 -21.42 -10.02   8.83  19.14  25.27  17.56  18.70   5.06  -0.22  -1.88 
 2007  -3.98   1.59  -5.07  -2.89   2.90  19.29  25.81  23.10  18.79  -0.47  -5.39  -1.75 
 2008   2.05  -3.10  -5.03   3.39   9.22  20.87  28.53  14.80   7.89  -0.78  -7.83  -1.08 
 2009  -1.52  -2.32 -15.92   5.45  14.19  16.34  29.48  19.26  19.52   7.08  -8.40  -0.89 
 2010  -9.64 -15.01 -11.18   0.71   4.33  23.26  23.86  24.72  18.90  -0.14   2.07  -6.78 
 2011   0.90  -0.83  -3.86  -5.40  10.14  23.73  22.52  18.20  15.11   2.50  -2.60  -5.88 
 2012 -13.02  -2.36 -16.75  -7.64   7.28  24.51  24.28  19.26  11.98   9.60  -5.03 -10.07 
 2013 -15.14 -21.61 -11.66  -0.76  11.62  28.09  25.86  19.58  15.55   2.71   2.47   1.71 
 2014  -3.11  -2.12  -1.39   4.22   7.52  17.34  21.12   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.41  -0.60  -0.29  -2.20 
 2005   3.14  -1.70   3.17  -0.55  -0.61  -2.03  -2.46   1.64  -0.31  -1.59  -5.23  -0.29 
 2006   0.13   3.49  -3.04  -4.53   0.34   0.13  -1.44  -2.17   2.34   1.79   0.60   2.22 
 2007  -1.09   0.07  -1.48   2.09  -3.60   0.78   1.81   2.63   1.74  -2.14   3.31   1.30 
 2008  -3.22  -3.21  -3.01   3.52   0.38   1.61  -0.14  -3.05  -1.72  -1.74  -0.12   4.83 
 2009  -0.42  -1.07  -4.33   1.46   2.71  -0.14   1.74  -0.63  -0.91   0.80  -4.04   1.24 
 2010  -1.58  -0.22   0.54   4.02  -1.94  -1.10  -0.44   1.57   2.33  -0.95   5.77  -2.18 
 2011   3.78   6.17   6.90  -4.21  -0.27  -1.48  -0.41   0.18   0.67  -0.03  -5.47  -3.48 
 2012  -5.54   0.44  -6.48  -0.65  -1.07   0.94   1.70   1.96  -0.12   3.29  -0.40  -3.57 
 2013  -0.16  -6.61   2.78  -3.10   1.14   3.20   1.49  -0.83  -2.08   1.17   2.42   2.12 
 2014   4.95   2.65   4.96   1.94   2.92  -1.88  -1.86   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2005 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2006 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2007 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2008 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2009 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2010 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2011 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2012 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  98.52 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2013 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.33 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2014 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00   



Table 1b. Statistical summaries of wind speed data at monthly resolution. Average, maximum, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Wind speed, in meters per second 
  
File name:                 AK113_U_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   4.65   3.70    NaN    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN   3.67   4.05   3.79   3.75   3.08   2.81   4.11    NaN    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN    NaN   4.07   4.14   4.33   3.61   3.06   3.48    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008   3.51   2.96    NaN   3.61   5.15   3.17   3.47   3.21   2.91   3.51    NaN   3.90 
 2009   3.88   4.89    NaN   3.85   3.85   4.55   3.88   3.65   3.44   3.64    NaN    NaN 
 2010   3.04   5.28    NaN   3.67   5.17   4.92   3.51   3.74   3.22    NaN    NaN   3.36 
 2011    NaN   6.23   2.94   4.12   3.41   4.90   3.49   3.35   3.95   4.11   2.86   3.52 
 2012    NaN    NaN    NaN   4.02   3.81   4.15   3.19   3.93   3.11   3.57   2.97    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN   4.79   4.16   4.34   3.67   3.89   3.00   3.83   3.22   4.72   3.51 
 2014    NaN   3.73   3.19   3.47   4.28   3.37   3.64   
  
Maximum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   8.84  10.54    NaN    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN  10.94   9.91   8.25   9.48   7.99   8.07  14.68    NaN    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN    NaN  10.77  10.70   9.48   7.69   8.69   7.63    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008  17.50   9.69    NaN  10.41  11.26   7.51  10.54   7.78   7.73  10.83    NaN  18.02 
 2009  12.86  15.78    NaN  10.38  10.62   8.58   8.73   8.67   9.72  12.50    NaN    NaN 
 2010   9.79  14.73    NaN  10.69  12.00   9.58   8.53  11.03   6.83    NaN    NaN  10.44 
 2011    NaN  21.25  10.12  11.08   8.29   9.96   7.66   6.67   8.46  12.81  10.48  13.69 
 2012    NaN    NaN    NaN  10.24   8.77   9.95   7.99   9.43   9.26  10.35   9.41    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN  14.83  11.46  13.30   7.63   9.51   6.43   9.09  11.21  15.57  12.23 
 2014    NaN  12.84   8.76  12.09  13.37   7.32  10.17   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   1.09  -0.13    NaN    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.18  -0.19  -0.30   0.15  -0.39  -0.75   0.29    NaN    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.22  -0.10   0.24   0.01  -0.41  -0.07    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN  -1.65    NaN  -0.24   0.91  -0.93  -0.13  -0.26  -0.65  -0.32    NaN    NaN 
 2009    NaN   0.27    NaN   0.00  -0.40   0.46   0.28   0.18  -0.12  -0.18    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN   0.66    NaN  -0.17   0.93   0.82  -0.09   0.26  -0.34    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN   1.61    NaN   0.27  -0.84   0.80  -0.12  -0.12   0.39   0.29    NaN    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.17  -0.44   0.06  -0.41   0.46  -0.44  -0.26    NaN    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.31   0.10  -0.43   0.29  -0.47   0.28  -0.61    NaN    NaN 
 2014    NaN  -0.89    NaN  -0.38   0.03  -0.72   0.03   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2005   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  85.48 100.00 100.00  86.11  81.45 
 2006   5.51  73.51  64.92 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  89.31  78.49 
 2007  90.99  69.64  51.88 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00  88.58  60.56  67.34 
 2008  95.43  97.70  39.92 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  97.58  87.36 100.00 
 2009  99.19 100.00  44.62 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  95.03  72.36  60.22 
 2010  99.19 100.00  82.66 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  79.30  37.22 100.00 
 2011  84.54  98.66 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  98.19  98.79 
 2012  59.68  22.84  94.89 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  98.79 100.00 100.00  97.64  87.37 
 2013  94.62  94.05  98.66  99.86 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.33 100.00  95.03  95.28  96.37 
 2014  94.22 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00   



Table 1c. Statistical summaries of ground temperature data at 10- and 120-centimeter depths at monthly resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Ground temperature, in degrees Celsius 
  
File name:                 AK113_Tg_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.42  -0.20  -2.23 -11.03 
 2005 -13.68 -16.56 -16.98 -14.94  -8.42   0.04   2.44   3.40   0.89  -1.00  -4.84 -10.35 
 2006 -12.77 -14.28 -15.97 -15.00  -7.18   0.72   4.02   3.52   2.24  -0.65  -2.66  -8.13 
 2007 -14.54 -15.24 -19.21 -13.20  -8.44    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   1.41  -0.90  -5.57 -10.54 
 2010 -16.68 -16.07 -17.82 -12.99  -7.78   0.87   3.96   4.49   2.43  -0.83  -1.60  -8.18 
 2011 -12.88 -13.19 -12.99 -13.65  -6.28   0.94   4.31   4.06   1.64  -0.52  -4.57 -11.81 
 2012 -16.61 -16.21 -19.93 -15.32  -6.57   1.09   4.95   4.80   1.21  -0.25  -3.36 -10.51 
 2013 -14.87 -18.99 -17.15 -15.79  -7.61   1.64   5.19   4.13   0.84  -0.25  -2.67  -7.89 
 2014 -13.98 -14.89 -16.08 -12.49  -1.83   0.44   3.84   
  
Minimum Value Each Month (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.30  -0.68  -5.66 -13.82 
 2005 -17.09 -17.86 -19.82 -17.47 -11.37  -1.31   0.25   0.34  -0.85  -2.34  -9.09 -11.84 
 2006 -16.58 -17.45 -17.52 -17.09 -12.86  -1.55   0.45   0.41  -0.14  -1.70  -6.00 -13.38 
 2007 -17.61 -18.88 -21.76 -15.41 -12.89    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.37  -2.55 -10.32 -14.93 
 2010 -20.19 -20.39 -20.78 -16.72 -10.43  -0.67   0.94   2.00  -0.17  -2.09  -2.69 -15.59 
 2011 -17.45 -14.86 -14.90 -15.83 -12.50  -0.29   1.12   1.73  -0.15  -2.23  -9.36 -15.93 
 2012 -20.30 -21.32 -21.15 -20.66 -13.08  -0.60   1.89   1.65  -0.11  -1.43  -6.93 -15.36 
 2013 -18.63 -21.23 -19.55 -19.08 -14.00  -0.64   1.92   0.33  -0.15  -1.11  -5.74 -14.94 
 2014 -18.98 -18.90 -20.27 -17.06  -8.83  -0.70   2.02   
  
Maximum Value Each Month (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   3.51  -0.08  -0.60  -5.45 
 2005  -8.15 -15.21 -14.14 -11.41  -0.74   4.37   5.37   8.02   4.60  -0.29  -1.45  -8.06 
 2006 -10.11 -11.01 -14.12 -12.88  -0.75   5.03   9.29   8.04   7.83  -0.06  -0.26  -3.92 
 2007 -12.87 -10.63 -14.31 -10.27  -0.21    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   5.45  -0.15  -1.69  -6.29 
 2010 -12.76 -13.74 -15.89  -9.93  -0.51   5.52   7.97   7.85   5.47  -0.10  -0.63  -2.57 
 2011  -8.37 -10.55 -11.28 -11.38   0.09   5.14   7.43   6.75   5.20  -0.05  -0.92  -6.97 
 2012 -13.60 -13.85 -17.63 -11.71  -0.54   5.43   8.09   7.58   4.90   0.17  -1.16  -4.14 
 2013 -11.93 -16.33 -14.57 -11.98  -0.59   6.16   7.87   8.24   4.31  -0.03  -0.70  -0.94 
 2014 -10.81  -9.48 -11.57  -8.92  -0.48   4.95   6.34   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.88   0.35   1.08  -1.22 
 2005   0.82  -0.88   0.04  -0.77  -1.66  -0.78  -1.66  -0.55  -0.41  -0.45  -1.52  -0.55 
 2006   1.73   1.40   1.05  -0.83  -0.42  -0.10  -0.08  -0.43   0.94  -0.10   0.66   1.68 
 2007  -0.04   0.44  -2.19   0.97  -1.68    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.11  -0.35  -2.25  -0.73 
 2010  -2.18  -0.39  -0.81   1.18  -1.02   0.05  -0.14   0.54   1.12  -0.28   1.72   1.63 
 2011   1.62   2.49   4.02   0.53   0.49   0.12   0.21   0.11   0.34   0.02  -1.25  -2.01 
 2012  -2.11  -0.53  -2.91  -1.15   0.20   0.27   0.85   0.85  -0.09   0.30  -0.05  -0.71 
 2013  -0.37  -3.31  -0.13  -1.62  -0.85   0.82   1.09   0.18  -0.46   0.30   0.65   1.91 
 2014   0.52   0.79   0.93   1.68   4.93  -0.38  -0.26   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2005 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2006 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2007 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00   1.53   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2008   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2009   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  79.97 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2010 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2011 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2012 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  98.79 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2013 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.33 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2014  99.87  99.55  98.79 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00   
  
Monthly Averages (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.63  -1.43  -1.49  -5.88 
 2005  -9.40 -12.34 -13.75 -13.47 -10.53  -5.21  -2.94  -2.02  -1.58  -1.39  -2.20  -6.56 
 2006  -8.96 -11.26 -12.22 -13.15 -10.44  -4.71  -2.70  -1.83  -1.45  -1.27  -1.27  -4.26 
 2007  -9.18 -10.92 -14.18 -12.96 -10.53  -5.00  -2.73  -1.81  -1.41  -1.26  -1.31  -3.93 
 2008  -8.21 -10.76 -12.23 -11.76  -9.28  -4.38  -2.33  -1.58  -1.30  -1.18  -1.17  -4.30 
 2009  -8.51 -11.91 -13.12 -13.75  -7.87  -3.69  -2.25  -1.55  -1.25  -1.12  -1.64  -5.73 
 2010  -9.89 -11.89 -13.30 -12.63 -10.09  -4.86  -2.73  -1.80  -1.36  -1.18  -1.12  -3.15 
 2011  -7.83  -9.88 -10.40 -11.06  -9.28  -4.08  -2.43  -1.58  -1.24  -1.11  -1.06  -4.85 
 2012  -9.63 -11.92 -13.68 -14.04 -10.40  -4.48  -2.64  -1.75  -1.35  -1.19  -1.09  -3.89 
 2013  -8.79 -12.15 -13.35 -13.47 -10.69  -4.69  -2.56  -1.66  -1.31  -1.17  -1.09  -2.57 
 2014  -8.15  -9.91 -12.01 -11.59  -6.69  -3.29  -2.08   
  
Minimum Value Each Month (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.84  -1.54  -2.44  -8.42 
 2005 -11.49 -13.19 -14.46 -14.01 -12.42  -7.96  -3.71  -2.44  -1.77  -1.52  -4.46  -7.77 
 2006 -10.69 -11.77 -13.31 -13.41 -12.73  -6.71  -3.46  -2.18  -1.62  -1.34  -2.15  -6.65 
 2007 -10.54 -12.55 -14.94 -14.51 -11.65  -7.83  -3.55  -2.16  -1.62  -1.37  -1.92  -6.10 
 2008  -9.69 -11.26 -13.19 -13.15 -10.66  -6.27  -3.14  -1.84  -1.42  -1.26  -1.93  -5.90 
 2009 -10.38 -12.59 -14.35 -14.39 -11.52  -5.03  -2.82  -1.82  -1.40  -1.22  -3.83  -7.77 
 2010 -11.59 -12.29 -13.78 -13.79 -11.35  -7.71  -3.42  -2.26  -1.57  -1.27  -1.23  -6.25 
 2011  -9.70 -10.25 -10.83 -11.56 -11.04  -5.81  -3.07  -1.92  -1.40  -1.21  -1.74  -7.74 
 2012 -11.58 -12.47 -14.78 -14.95 -12.56  -6.38  -3.33  -2.13  -1.54  -1.30  -1.19  -7.15 
 2013 -10.57 -13.52 -13.55 -13.75 -12.56  -6.92  -3.31  -2.01  -1.52  -1.29  -1.23  -5.87 
 2014  -9.44 -11.60 -12.50 -12.28 -10.28  -4.30  -2.58   
  
Maximum Value Each Month (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.46  -1.33  -1.28  -2.47 
 2005  -7.81 -11.49 -13.17 -12.42  -8.00  -3.71  -2.33  -1.72  -1.46  -1.27  -1.24  -4.46 
 2006  -7.77 -10.65 -11.09 -12.74  -6.71  -3.42  -2.13  -1.56  -1.29  -1.19  -1.11  -2.13 
 2007  -6.65  -9.95 -12.55 -11.59  -7.83  -3.46  -2.09  -1.54  -1.29  -1.18  -1.18  -1.90 
 2008  -6.10  -9.69 -11.22 -10.66  -6.30  -3.08  -1.79  -1.38  -1.20  -1.07  -1.06  -1.96 
 2009  -5.90 -10.34 -12.00 -11.52  -5.01  -2.76  -1.80  -1.32  -1.14  -1.02  -1.03  -3.88 
 2010  -7.75 -11.59 -12.29 -11.35  -7.69  -3.33  -2.17  -1.49  -1.20  -1.09  -1.06  -1.15 
 2011  -6.29  -9.52 -10.07 -10.45  -5.79  -3.04  -1.88  -1.32  -1.11  -1.05  -0.98  -1.72 
 2012  -7.77 -11.58 -12.09 -12.54  -6.35  -3.24  -2.09  -1.44  -1.22  -1.08  -1.02  -1.04 
 2013  -7.15 -10.57 -13.02 -12.54  -6.91  -3.29  -1.99  -1.39  -1.18  -1.06  -0.97  -0.96 
 2014  -5.87  -8.72 -11.16 -10.22  -4.28  -2.52  -1.60   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.26  -0.22  -0.18  -1.36 
 2005  -0.55  -1.05  -0.93  -0.68  -0.95  -0.77  -0.40  -0.32  -0.21  -0.17  -0.89  -2.05 
 2006  -0.11   0.04   0.60  -0.36  -0.86  -0.27  -0.16  -0.12  -0.08  -0.05   0.04   0.25 
 2007  -0.33   0.37  -1.35  -0.17  -0.95  -0.56  -0.19  -0.10  -0.04  -0.04   0.00   0.59 
 2008   0.65   0.53   0.60   1.03   0.30   0.06   0.21   0.12   0.07   0.04   0.14   0.21 
 2009   0.35  -0.62  -0.29  -0.96   1.71   0.75   0.29   0.16   0.12   0.09  -0.33  -1.22 
 2010  -1.04  -0.59  -0.48   0.16  -0.51  -0.42  -0.19  -0.10   0.01   0.03   0.19   1.37 
 2011   1.03   1.41   2.43   1.73   0.30   0.36   0.11   0.13   0.13   0.11   0.25  -0.33 
 2012  -0.77  -0.62  -0.86  -1.26  -0.82  -0.04  -0.10  -0.05   0.02   0.03   0.22   0.62 
 2013   0.06  -0.85  -0.53  -0.68  -1.11  -0.25  -0.02   0.04   0.06   0.04   0.23   1.94 
 2014   0.71   1.38   0.81   1.20   2.90   1.15   0.46   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2005 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2006 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2007 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00   1.53   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2008   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2009   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  79.97 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2010 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2011 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2012 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  98.79 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2013 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  99.33 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2014  99.87  99.55  98.79 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00   



Table 1d. Statistical summaries of incident solar flux data at monthly resolution. Average, anomaly, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Incident solar flux, in watts per meter squared 
  
File name:                 AK113_So_d_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   66.1   25.9    1.9    0.0 
 2005    0.6   13.2   75.9  181.6  235.1  259.3  231.1  129.2   56.1   21.3    1.1    0.1 
 2006    0.8   18.2   91.9  180.7  227.5  202.4  173.9  117.6   67.4   21.0    2.0    0.0 
 2007    0.6   14.2   67.1  167.0  238.7  262.5  244.3    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  115.3   57.6   20.6    1.9    0.1 
 2009    1.0   15.8   89.5  160.2  211.8  202.8  189.3  108.7   54.8   18.4    1.7    0.1 
 2010    0.8   14.5   69.4  137.8  221.6  251.9  171.3  121.8   79.1   19.5    1.3    0.1 
 2011    0.7   14.1   78.2  181.2  243.5  219.7  183.8  126.6   52.0   22.1    2.3    0.1 
 2012    0.8    NaN    NaN  163.6  219.9  228.7  209.5  103.8   53.4   22.1    2.3    0.0 
 2013    0.6    7.6   45.9  138.7  230.3  223.8  173.1  110.8   61.6   23.5    2.9    0.1 
 2014    1.0   17.8   78.2    NaN  163.4  184.7  183.7   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    4.9    4.5   -0.1   -0.0 
 2005   -0.1   -1.3    1.4   17.7   13.8   33.1   35.5   12.5   -5.1   -0.1   -0.9    0.0 
 2006    0.0    3.8   17.4   16.9    6.2  -23.8  -21.7    0.8    6.2   -0.5    0.0   -0.0 
 2007   -0.1   -0.2   -7.4    3.2   17.4   36.3   48.7    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   -1.4   -3.6   -0.8   -0.1    0.0 
 2009    0.2    1.3   15.0   -3.6   -9.5  -23.4   -6.2   -8.0   -6.4   -3.0   -0.2   -0.0 
 2010    0.0    0.1   -5.1  -26.0    0.3   25.7  -24.3    5.1   17.9   -1.9   -0.7    0.0 
 2011   -0.1   -0.3    3.7   17.3   22.2   -6.5  -11.8    9.8   -9.2    0.6    0.3   -0.0 
 2012    0.0    NaN    NaN   -0.2   -1.4    2.5   13.9  -12.9   -7.7    0.7    0.3   -0.0 
 2013   -0.2   -6.9  -28.6  -25.2    9.0   -2.4  -22.4   -5.9    0.4    2.0    0.9    0.0 
 2014    0.2    3.4    3.7    NaN  -57.9  -41.5  -11.8   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2005  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2006  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2007  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.9   67.7    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0 
 2008    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0   18.1  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2009  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2010  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2011  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2012  100.0   66.4   64.2  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   98.7  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2013  100.0  100.0   98.7   96.7   99.9  100.0  100.0   99.3  100.0  100.0   99.6  100.0 
 2014  100.0  100.0   99.1   78.9  100.0   99.7  100.0   



Table 1e. Statistical summaries of reflected solar flux data at monthly resolution. Average, anomaly, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Reflected solar flux, in watts per meter squared 
  
File name:                 AK113_So_u_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   20.0   20.8    2.0   -0.0 
 2005    0.6   12.7   64.1  147.5  186.9   67.9   52.6   30.0   11.1   10.3    1.5   -0.0 
 2006    0.6   14.9   72.0  151.1  160.6   42.6   39.3   26.6   12.9   10.9    1.6   -0.0 
 2007    0.5   13.8   68.2  140.5  193.3   51.0   56.6   35.0   15.1   15.3    2.0    0.0 
 2008    1.2   19.5   75.2  137.0  151.1   43.5   47.6   26.4   11.4   18.6    1.8    0.0 
 2009    0.8   13.0   73.6  137.5  121.2   39.3   43.2   23.5   12.4    8.6    1.9    0.0 
 2010    0.7   14.0   68.9  137.7  192.0   50.9   39.3   27.4   15.2   10.2    1.8   -0.0 
 2011    0.6   11.7   70.1  155.3  169.2   40.3   43.5   29.7    9.6   14.4    2.3   -0.0 
 2012    0.7   11.5   78.7  144.4  145.9   42.8   50.0   23.5    9.3   10.2    2.0   -0.0 
 2013    0.7   12.9   66.9  156.1  163.2   45.0   42.0   25.7   25.2   19.4    2.4    0.1 
 2014    0.8   15.9   66.4  138.1   73.6   33.7   42.3   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    5.7    7.2    0.0   -0.0 
 2005   -0.1   -1.3   -6.3    3.0   31.2   22.2    7.0    2.6   -3.2   -3.3   -0.4   -0.0 
 2006   -0.1    0.9    1.6    6.6    4.9   -3.1   -6.4   -0.7   -1.4   -2.8   -0.4   -0.0 
 2007   -0.2   -0.2   -2.2   -4.0   37.6    5.3   11.0    7.7    0.8    1.7    0.0    0.0 
 2008    0.4    5.5    4.8   -7.5   -4.6   -2.2    2.0   -1.0   -2.9    4.9   -0.2    0.0 
 2009    0.1   -1.0    3.2   -7.0  -34.5   -6.4   -2.4   -3.9   -1.9   -5.1   -0.1    0.0 
 2010   -0.1    0.0   -1.5   -6.8   36.3    5.2   -6.3    0.0    0.9   -3.5   -0.2   -0.0 
 2011   -0.1   -2.3   -0.3   10.8   13.5   -5.4   -2.1    2.3   -4.7    0.8    0.3   -0.0 
 2012   -0.0   -2.5    8.2   -0.2   -9.8   -2.9    4.4   -3.9   -5.0   -3.4    0.1   -0.0 
 2013   -0.0   -1.1   -3.5   11.6    7.5   -0.7   -3.7   -1.7   10.9    5.8    0.4    0.1 
 2014    0.1    1.9   -4.0   -6.5  -82.1  -12.0   -3.3   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2005  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2006  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2007  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2008  100.0   98.4  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2009  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2010  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2011  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2012  100.0   99.0  100.0  100.0   99.9  100.0  100.0   98.8  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2013  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.3  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2014  100.0   99.6  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   



Table 1f. Statistical summaries of rainfall data at monthly resolution. Maximum, accumulated total, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Data for this station is not available


Table 1g. Statistical summaries of snow depth data at monthly resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 90 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 90 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Snow depth, in centimeters 
  
File name:                 AK113_snowD_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    6.3    7.6    8.9    7.0 
 2005    6.9    6.6    6.9   11.3   14.5    2.0    3.8    4.6    5.2    3.9    5.0    3.0 
 2006    3.5   11.1   11.8   15.4   14.7    4.0    4.5    5.0    5.8    4.3    3.9    5.3 
 2007    6.7    5.5    5.2    6.9    7.7    2.9    4.0    5.8    8.5    3.5    3.7    7.6 
 2008    9.1   10.3   12.7   17.2   11.0    3.6    6.1   10.7   11.2    4.5    8.3    7.7 
 2009    7.6    7.7   13.3   22.4   10.0   10.1   10.9   15.6   15.6   11.1    4.4    8.8 
 2010   11.1   16.7   19.4   20.8   20.7   13.4   10.4   11.6   14.1    8.6   14.7   13.9 
 2011   24.5   24.3   25.2   23.8   19.1   12.2    7.6   13.7   11.2    8.3   14.7   18.6 
 2012   18.9   23.7   27.5   28.8   22.6   13.2   16.2   22.0   17.6    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2013    NaN   25.5   25.9    NaN    NaN   16.6   19.8    8.5    6.0    3.5    5.5    6.7 
 2014    7.3    7.3    7.5   11.1    9.5    5.5    6.5   
  
Minimum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    3.5    6.0    5.1    5.5 
 2005    6.0    5.7    4.8    6.8    4.7   -0.7    1.3    2.1    2.3   -0.4   -2.0    0.4 
 2006    0.9    4.0    9.1   10.7   -0.8   -0.5    1.1    1.8    2.6    1.1    0.4    0.7 
 2007    0.2    2.7    3.1    3.4    0.6   -0.2    1.2    1.8    1.9   -1.8   -2.1   -1.7 
 2008    2.7    5.9    5.7   12.9   -1.8   -1.9    0.1    5.1    5.4    0.3    3.7    4.0 
 2009    3.4    4.1    4.6   12.8   -0.7    0.2    4.3    7.8   10.3    1.2   -1.2    1.5 
 2010    9.2    9.9   16.9   15.6   -0.4   -1.5    5.5    5.0    7.2    0.6    1.8    8.8 
 2011   13.5   21.4   20.4   20.2   -0.5    3.8    0.4   -0.7   -1.4   -1.9    9.6   11.4 
 2012   15.4   17.1   20.0   24.2   -1.2   -1.5   -0.1    0.1   -0.1    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2013    NaN   22.3   23.2    NaN    NaN   -1.3   -0.5   -0.7   -1.0   -0.4    2.8    4.9 
 2014    4.7    5.1    5.0    7.4   -3.9   -4.0    0.7   
  
Maximum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   10.9   11.4   16.4   11.1 
 2005    8.7    7.7    9.4   14.9   19.8    4.7    5.7    6.5    7.7    6.7   10.6    9.0 
 2006    9.5   19.1   19.7   23.4   25.5    8.7    7.4    7.1    8.6    6.5    7.7   10.5 
 2007   15.2    8.3    7.0    9.5   11.0    5.7    5.8    8.6   12.0   11.1   15.1   14.1 
 2008   12.7   20.9   22.2   24.1   20.5    7.0   18.8   18.1   16.9   12.9   16.5   15.1 
 2009   15.1   15.3   20.5   30.3   16.4   14.6   14.9   19.2   21.0   19.7   16.0   21.1 
 2010   14.1   22.2   23.6   28.8   25.4   18.2   14.6   15.5   18.6   16.1   22.3   20.5 
 2011   27.0   26.5   27.0   26.2   25.3   18.3   11.6   21.5   21.4   19.7   18.4   25.3 
 2012   26.3   34.1   33.5   32.9   32.8   24.2   25.6   35.3   31.6    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2013    NaN   29.4   35.4    NaN    NaN   34.6   38.6   13.7   12.4    9.7    9.4   11.4 
 2014   14.8   10.5   12.6   22.2   21.2   10.1   12.2   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   -3.2    0.5   -0.5   -1.7 
 2005   -3.7   -7.3   -8.6   -6.2    0.1   -6.3   -5.2   -5.5   -4.3   -3.2   -4.4   -5.7 
 2006   -7.1   -2.7   -3.7   -2.1    0.3   -4.4   -4.5   -5.0   -3.7   -2.8   -5.5   -3.4 
 2007   -3.9   -8.4  -10.4  -10.6   -6.7   -5.4   -4.9   -4.2   -1.0   -3.6   -5.7   -1.1 
 2008   -1.5   -3.6   -2.9   -0.3   -3.5   -4.8   -2.8    0.6    1.8   -2.7   -1.1   -1.0 
 2009   -3.1   -6.1   -2.2    4.9   -4.5    1.7    1.9    5.6    6.1    4.0   -5.0    0.1 
 2010    0.4    2.8    3.8    3.3    6.3    5.1    1.4    1.5    4.6    1.4    5.3    5.1 
 2011   13.9   10.4    9.7    6.3    4.7    3.8   -1.4    3.6    1.8    1.1    5.3    9.9 
 2012    8.3    9.9   11.9   11.2    8.2    4.9    7.2   12.0    8.1    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2013    NaN   11.7   10.4    NaN    NaN    8.3   10.8   -1.5   -3.4   -3.7   -3.9   -2.1 
 2014   -3.3   -6.6   -8.0   -6.4   -4.9   -2.8   -2.5   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0    0.0  100.0  100.0  100.0   98.4 
 2005   85.5   91.1  100.0   98.3   96.8  100.0  100.0   98.2   99.9   99.7   99.7   94.6 
 2006   95.2   86.9   99.5   99.3   99.6   98.5   99.3   99.7   99.9   99.6   99.4   99.2 
 2007   97.3   99.4   98.8   99.0   99.7   99.4   99.7   99.6   97.4   95.7   92.9   99.9 
 2008   96.9   99.1   98.7   99.4   98.9   98.1   98.9   97.3   98.2   98.5   99.0   99.5 
 2009   99.7   94.8   98.9   97.8   99.6   67.9   95.8   98.9   82.2   98.5   99.6   88.8 
 2010   99.6   99.1   98.3   99.6   99.6   94.2   99.6   93.4   93.1   98.8   94.7   94.6 
 2011   95.7   97.2   96.1   99.2   87.5   93.1   94.4   71.5   69.0   55.5   64.6   85.2 
 2012   92.6   80.2   98.1   83.8   43.4   42.4   80.1   62.9   35.8    9.3    0.0    0.0 
 2013    8.1   72.2   19.1    4.6   10.2   20.7   48.5   84.7   92.4   95.0   95.7   91.8 
 2014   96.0   95.5   97.6   95.0   89.8   89.6   93.1   



Table 1h. Statistical summaries of soil moisture data at monthly resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Soil moisture, in water fraction by volume 
  
File name:                 AK113_Smoist_mon_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Monthly Averages: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.37   0.36   0.12    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.08   0.32   0.37   0.38   0.25   0.03    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.09   0.36   0.38   0.38   0.37   0.10   0.02 
 2007    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.10   0.24   0.23   0.25   0.14   0.04    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.09   0.24   0.32   0.29   0.23   0.06   0.01 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.08   0.16   0.21   0.34   0.22   0.03    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.16   0.21   0.24   0.14   0.05    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.05   0.20   0.22   0.28   0.26   0.06    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.13   0.14   0.28   0.26   0.10    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.18   0.34   0.34   0.29   0.14    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.22   
  
Minimum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.36   0.35   0.05    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.06   0.18   0.34   0.37   0.09   0.01    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.29   0.37   0.37   0.24   0.03   0.01 
 2007    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.04   0.23   0.22   0.24   0.08   0.01    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.18   0.30   0.28   0.14   0.02   0.00 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01   0.03   0.11   0.14   0.28   0.10   0.01    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.08   0.19   0.22   0.07   0.03    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.09   0.22   0.22   0.20   0.01    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.07   0.12   0.16   0.22   0.02    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.13   0.24   0.31   0.27   0.02    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.04   
  
Maximum Value Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.37   0.36   0.35    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.06   0.18   0.38   0.38   0.38   0.38   0.09    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.37   0.40   0.39   0.39   0.39   0.24   0.04 
 2007    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.26   0.26   0.24   0.25   0.24   0.08    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.22   0.36   0.36   0.30   0.28   0.14   0.02 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.13   0.18   0.40   0.40   0.28   0.10    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.08   0.22   0.24   0.27   0.23   0.09    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.09   0.32   0.23   0.40   0.30   0.20    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.08   0.14   0.16   0.40   0.29   0.22    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.13   0.26   0.40   0.39   0.31   0.27    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.28   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.05   0.10   0.05    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.10   0.10   0.06  -0.01  -0.05    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.14   0.11   0.07   0.11   0.02    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.02  -0.04  -0.07  -0.12  -0.03    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.02   0.05  -0.03  -0.02  -0.02    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.01  -0.06  -0.06   0.02  -0.04  -0.04    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.02  -0.06  -0.06  -0.07  -0.11  -0.03    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.01  -0.02  -0.05  -0.03   0.00  -0.01    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.03  -0.09  -0.13  -0.04  -0.00   0.02    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.02  -0.04   0.07   0.03   0.03   0.06    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.04  -0.00   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Month: 
  
 Year    JAN    FEB    MAR    APR    MAY    JUN    JUL    AUG    SEP    OCT    NOV    DEC 
  
 2004   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  90.32 
 2005  38.71   0.00   0.00  11.67 100.00 100.00 100.00  98.17 100.00 100.00 100.00  83.74 
 2006  11.83   0.00   0.00   0.00  53.63 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2007  18.95  29.17   0.00  37.64 100.00 100.00  99.87 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  86.83 
 2008   1.08   0.00   0.00   0.00  48.25 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2009  12.37   0.00   0.00  10.97 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  52.15 
 2010   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  44.62 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  75.40 
 2011   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  36.29 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00  44.76 
 2012   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  43.28 100.00 100.00  98.79 100.00 100.00 100.00  49.46 
 2013   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  31.85 100.00 100.00  99.33 100.00 100.00 100.00  60.48 
 2014   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00  94.62 100.00 100.00   



Table 1i. Statistical summaries of surface pressure data at monthly resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Data for this station is not available


Table 2a. Statistical summaries of air temperature data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Air temperature, in degrees Celsius 
  
File name:                 AK113_Tair_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN  -7.98    NaN 
 2005 -25.47 -15.04   7.46  -9.58 -10.42 
 2006 -24.23 -18.11   7.22  -5.64  -9.91 
 2007 -24.85 -16.75  10.15  -6.28  -9.44 
 2008 -26.94 -15.46   7.84  -8.41 -10.41 
 2009 -24.08 -15.79   8.72  -8.58 -10.16 
 2010 -25.45 -14.88   8.42  -4.87  -9.41 
 2011 -22.79 -14.86   7.84  -8.81  -9.69 
 2012 -28.20 -18.47   9.93  -6.27 -10.75 
 2013 -28.61 -15.41   9.67  -6.70  -9.70 
 2014 -22.00 -12.43   
  
Minimum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN -33.38    NaN 
 2005 -40.30 -38.60  -3.81 -39.10 -40.30 
 2006 -45.73 -40.95  -5.93 -32.32 -45.73 
 2007 -44.20 -41.99  -2.58 -28.41 -44.20 
 2008 -45.37 -43.42  -5.37 -30.45 -45.37 
 2009 -43.42 -41.59  -2.31 -37.24 -43.42 
 2010 -45.15 -44.20  -1.08 -27.05 -45.15 
 2011 -45.01 -36.99  -3.49 -41.27 -44.62 
 2012 -48.00 -42.79  -1.39 -31.19 -48.00 
 2013 -42.38 -36.60  -4.67 -31.81 -42.38 
 2014 -43.08 -38.82   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN  12.71    NaN 
 2005   1.51   5.28  24.84  12.93  24.84 
 2006   3.53   8.83  25.27  18.70  25.27 
 2007   1.59   2.90  25.81  18.79  25.81 
 2008   2.05   9.22  28.53   7.89  28.53 
 2009  -1.08  14.19  29.48  19.52  29.48 
 2010  -0.89   4.33  24.72  18.90  24.72 
 2011   0.90  10.14  23.73  15.11  23.73 
 2012  -2.36   7.28  24.51  11.98  24.51 
 2013 -10.07  11.62  28.09  15.55  28.09 
 2014   1.71   7.52   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.77    NaN 
 2005  -0.20   0.68  -0.94  -2.37  -0.43 
 2006   1.03  -2.39  -1.18   1.58   0.08 
 2007   0.41  -1.03   1.75   0.94   0.55 
 2008  -1.68   0.26  -0.55  -1.20  -0.42 
 2009   1.18  -0.07   0.33  -1.36  -0.17 
 2010  -0.18   0.84   0.02   2.34   0.58 
 2011   2.47   0.86  -0.56  -1.59   0.29 
 2012  -2.94  -2.75   1.54   0.95  -0.76 
 2013  -3.34   0.31   1.27   0.51   0.29 
 2014   3.26   3.29   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004   0.00   0.00   0.00 100.00   0.00 
 2005 100.00 100.00  99.95 100.00  99.99 
 2006 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2007 100.00 100.00  99.95 100.00  99.99 
 2008 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2009 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2010 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2011 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2012 100.00 100.00  99.50 100.00  99.87 
 2013 100.00 100.00  99.77 100.00  99.94 
 2014 100.00 100.00   



Table 2b. Statistical summaries of wind speed data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, maximum, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Wind speed, in meters per second 
  
File name:                 AK113_U_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN   3.45    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN   3.54   3.30    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN   3.66    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN   3.29   3.48    NaN 
 2009   4.20    NaN   4.02    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN   4.05    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN   3.48   3.90   3.65   3.80 
 2012    NaN   3.54   3.75   3.22    NaN 
 2013    NaN   4.43   3.52   3.92   4.01 
 2014   4.12   3.65   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  10.54    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN   9.48  14.68    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN   9.48    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN  10.54  10.85    NaN 
 2009  18.02    NaN   8.73    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN  11.03    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN  11.08   9.96  12.81  21.25 
 2012    NaN  10.24   9.95  10.35    NaN 
 2013    NaN  14.83   9.51  15.57  16.19 
 2014  14.02  13.37   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.15    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN  -0.18  -0.30    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN  -0.06    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN  -0.43  -0.12    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN   0.30    NaN    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN   0.33    NaN    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN   0.18   0.05    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN   0.03  -0.37    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN  -0.20   0.32    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2005   0.00   0.00  28.80  95.42  37.97 
 2006  52.82  88.18 100.00  96.47  84.26 
 2007  80.05  83.79  99.95  83.10  85.82 
 2008  86.58  79.76 100.00  95.01  93.10 
 2009  99.72  81.34 100.00  89.19  89.16 
 2010  86.02  94.16 100.00  72.25  91.54 
 2011  94.26 100.00 100.00  99.40  98.33 
 2012  61.26  98.28  99.59  99.22  88.67 
 2013  91.94  99.50  99.77  96.75  97.79 
 2014  96.76 100.00   



Table 2c. Statistical summaries of ground temperature data at 10- and 120- centimeter depths at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Ground temperature, in degrees Celsius 
  
File name:                 AK113_Tg_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.67    NaN 
 2005 -13.66 -13.43   1.98  -1.64  -6.61 
 2006 -12.40 -12.69   2.77  -0.36  -5.46 
 2007 -12.55 -13.62    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.68    NaN 
 2010 -14.37 -12.86   3.13  -0.01  -5.80 
 2011 -11.36 -10.94   3.13  -1.14  -5.36 
 2012 -14.85 -13.92   3.64  -0.80  -6.37 
 2013 -14.65 -13.49   3.67  -0.69  -6.04 
 2014 -12.16 -10.09   
  
Minimum Value Each Season/Year (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN  -5.66    NaN 
 2005 -17.86 -19.82  -1.31  -9.09 -19.82 
 2006 -17.45 -17.52  -1.55  -6.00 -17.52 
 2007 -18.88 -21.76    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN -10.32    NaN 
 2010 -20.39 -20.78  -0.67  -2.69 -20.78 
 2011 -17.45 -15.83  -0.29  -9.36 -17.45 
 2012 -21.32 -21.15  -0.60  -6.93 -21.32 
 2013 -21.23 -19.55  -0.64  -5.74 -21.23 
 2014 -18.98 -20.27   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN   3.51    NaN 
 2005  -5.45  -0.74   8.02   4.60   8.02 
 2006  -8.06  -0.75   9.29   7.83   9.29 
 2007  -3.92  -0.21    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN   5.45    NaN 
 2010  -6.29  -0.51   7.97   5.47   7.97 
 2011  -2.57   0.09   7.43   5.20   7.43 
 2012  -6.97  -0.54   8.09   4.90   8.09 
 2013  -4.14  -0.59   8.24   4.31   8.24 
 2014  -0.94  -0.48   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.19    NaN 
 2005  -0.41  -0.80  -1.00  -0.79  -0.67 
 2006   0.85  -0.06  -0.21   0.49   0.48 
 2007   0.70  -0.99    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.82    NaN 
 2010  -1.12  -0.23   0.15   0.84   0.14 
 2011   1.89   1.69   0.15  -0.29   0.58 
 2012  -1.60  -1.29   0.66   0.06  -0.43 
 2013  -1.40  -0.86   0.69   0.16  -0.10 
 2014   1.09   2.55   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year (10 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004   0.00   0.00   0.00 100.00   0.00 
 2005 100.00 100.00  99.95 100.00  99.99 
 2006 100.00 100.00  99.95 100.00  99.99 
 2007 100.00 100.00   0.50   0.00  41.50 
 2008   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2009   0.00   0.00  26.95 100.00  40.22 
 2010 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2011 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2012 100.00 100.00  99.59 100.00  99.90 
 2013 100.00 100.00  99.77 100.00  99.94 
 2014  99.81  99.59   
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.52    NaN 
 2005  -9.10 -12.58  -3.37  -1.72  -6.75 
 2006  -8.85 -11.92  -3.06  -1.33  -6.10 
 2007  -8.03 -12.55  -3.16  -1.33  -6.24 
 2008  -7.56 -11.08  -2.74  -1.22  -5.69 
 2009  -8.12 -11.55  -2.48  -1.34  -5.99 
 2010  -9.08 -12.00  -3.11  -1.22  -6.13 
 2011  -6.85 -10.24  -2.68  -1.14  -5.37 
 2012  -8.73 -12.69  -2.95  -1.21  -6.33 
 2013  -8.15 -12.49  -2.96  -1.19  -6.09 
 2014  -6.77 -10.07   
  
Minimum Value Each Season/Year (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN  -2.44    NaN 
 2005 -13.19 -14.46  -7.96  -4.46 -14.46 
 2006 -11.77 -13.41  -6.71  -2.15 -13.41 
 2007 -12.55 -14.94  -7.83  -1.92 -14.94 
 2008 -11.26 -13.19  -6.27  -1.93 -13.19 
 2009 -12.59 -14.39  -5.03  -3.83 -14.39 
 2010 -12.29 -13.79  -7.71  -1.57 -13.79 
 2011 -10.25 -11.56  -5.81  -1.74 -11.56 
 2012 -12.47 -14.95  -6.38  -1.54 -14.95 
 2013 -13.52 -13.75  -6.92  -1.52 -13.75 
 2014 -11.60 -12.50   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN  -1.28    NaN 
 2005  -2.47  -8.00  -1.72  -1.24  -1.24 
 2006  -4.46  -6.71  -1.56  -1.11  -1.11 
 2007  -2.13  -7.83  -1.54  -1.18  -1.18 
 2008  -1.90  -6.30  -1.38  -1.06  -1.06 
 2009  -1.96  -5.01  -1.32  -1.02  -1.02 
 2010  -3.88  -7.69  -1.49  -1.06  -1.06 
 2011  -1.15  -5.79  -1.32  -0.98  -0.98 
 2012  -1.72  -6.35  -1.44  -1.02  -1.02 
 2013  -1.04  -6.91  -1.39  -0.97  -0.96 
 2014  -0.96  -4.28   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN  -0.22    NaN 
 2005  -0.98  -0.86  -0.49  -0.42  -0.67 
 2006  -0.72  -0.21  -0.18  -0.03  -0.02 
 2007   0.10  -0.83  -0.28  -0.03  -0.17 
 2008   0.56   0.64   0.13   0.08   0.39 
 2009   0.01   0.16   0.39  -0.04   0.08 
 2010  -0.96  -0.28  -0.23   0.08  -0.06 
 2011   1.27   1.48   0.20   0.16   0.70 
 2012  -0.60  -0.98  -0.07   0.09  -0.25 
 2013  -0.03  -0.77  -0.08   0.11  -0.01 
 2014   1.35   1.65   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year (120 cm depth): 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004   0.00   0.00   0.00 100.00   0.00 
 2005 100.00 100.00  99.95 100.00  99.99 
 2006 100.00 100.00  99.95 100.00  99.99 
 2007 100.00 100.00   0.50   0.00  41.50 
 2008   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00   0.00 
 2009   0.00   0.00  26.95 100.00  40.22 
 2010 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2011 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 
 2012 100.00 100.00  99.59 100.00  99.90 
 2013 100.00 100.00  99.77 100.00  99.94 
 2014  99.81  99.59   



Table 2d. Statistical summaries of incident solar-flux data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, anomaly, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Incident solar flux, in watts per meter squared 
  
File name:                 AK113_So_d_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN   31.2    NaN 
 2005    4.3  164.0  206.0   26.1  100.8 
 2006    5.9  166.5  164.2   30.0   92.3 
 2007    4.6  157.5    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN   26.6    NaN 
 2009    5.3  153.8  166.5   24.9   88.2 
 2010    4.8  143.0  180.9   33.1   91.1 
 2011    4.6  167.5  176.2   25.4   94.1 
 2012    NaN    NaN  180.5   25.9    NaN 
 2013    2.6  138.7  168.8   29.3   85.2 
 2014    5.9    NaN   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    3.1    NaN 
 2005   -0.4    8.1   30.4   -2.0    8.9 
 2006    1.2   10.7  -11.4    1.9    0.3 
 2007   -0.1    1.7    NaN    NaN    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN    NaN   -1.5    NaN 
 2009    0.5   -2.1   -9.0   -3.2   -3.7 
 2010    0.1  -12.9    5.3    5.0   -0.9 
 2011   -0.1   11.6    0.6   -2.7    2.2 
 2012    NaN    NaN    4.9   -2.2    NaN 
 2013   -2.2  -17.2   -6.8    1.2   -6.8 
 2014    1.1    NaN   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    0.0    0.0    0.0  100.0    0.0 
 2005  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2006  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2007  100.0  100.0   89.1    0.0   63.8 
 2008    0.0    0.0   39.8  100.0   43.3 
 2009  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2010  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2011  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2012   89.3   88.0   99.5  100.0   94.2 
 2013  100.0   98.4   99.8   99.9   99.5 
 2014  100.0   92.8   



Table 2e. Statistical summaries of reflected solar-flux data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, anomaly, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Reflected solar flux, in watts per meter squared 
  
File name:                 AK113_So_u_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN   14.3    NaN 
 2005    4.2  132.6   50.0    7.7   49.0 
 2006    4.9  127.6   36.1    8.5   44.6 
 2007    4.5  134.0   47.5   10.8   49.5 
 2008    6.5  120.9   39.1   10.7   44.6 
 2009    4.3  110.5   35.3    7.6   39.7 
 2010    4.6  132.8   39.1    9.1   46.7 
 2011    3.8  131.3   37.8    8.8   45.8 
 2012    3.8  122.7   38.8    7.2   43.4 
 2013    4.3  128.4   37.5   15.7   46.8 
 2014    5.2   92.2   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    4.3    NaN 
 2005   -0.5    9.3   10.5   -2.3    3.4 
 2006    0.3    4.3   -3.4   -1.5   -1.0 
 2007   -0.1   10.7    8.0    0.8    4.0 
 2008    1.9   -2.4   -0.4    0.6   -1.0 
 2009   -0.3  -12.8   -4.2   -2.4   -5.8 
 2010   -0.0    9.5   -0.4   -0.9    1.2 
 2011   -0.8    8.0   -1.7   -1.2    0.2 
 2012   -0.8   -0.6   -0.7   -2.8   -2.2 
 2013   -0.4    5.1   -2.0    5.7    1.2 
 2014    0.6  -31.1   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    0.0    0.0    0.0  100.0    0.0 
 2005  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2006  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2007  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2008   99.5  100.0  100.0  100.0   99.9 
 2009  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2010  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2011  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0  100.0 
 2012   99.7  100.0   99.6  100.0   99.8 
 2013  100.0  100.0   99.8  100.0   99.9 
 2014   99.9  100.0   



Table 2f. Statistical summaries of rainfall data at seasonal and annual resolution. Maximum, accumulated total, and percentage of data available. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Data for this station is not available


Table 2g. Statistical summaries of snow depth data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 90 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 90 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Snow depth, in centimeters 
  
File name:                 AK113_snowD_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    7.6    NaN 
 2005    6.8   10.9    4.3    4.7    4.6 
 2006    5.6   14.0    4.5    4.7    7.4 
 2007    5.8    6.6    4.3    5.2    5.7 
 2008    9.0   13.6    6.8    8.0    9.4 
 2009    7.7   15.1   12.5   10.0   11.5 
 2010   12.2   20.3   11.7   12.4   14.6 
 2011   20.8   22.8   10.9   11.5   17.6 
 2012   20.2   27.0   17.5    NaN   21.7 
 2013   25.4    NaN   13.1    5.0   10.9 
 2014    7.1    9.3   
  
Minimum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN    3.5    NaN 
 2005    5.5    4.7   -0.7   -2.0   -2.0 
 2006    0.4   -0.8   -0.5    0.4   -0.8 
 2007    0.2    0.6   -0.2   -2.1   -2.1 
 2008   -1.7   -1.8   -1.9    0.3   -1.9 
 2009    3.4   -0.7    0.2   -1.2   -1.2 
 2010    1.5   -0.4   -1.5    0.6   -1.5 
 2011    8.8   -0.5   -0.7   -1.9   -1.9 
 2012   11.4   -1.2   -1.5    NaN   -1.5 
 2013   22.0    NaN   -1.3   -1.0   -1.3 
 2014    4.7   -3.9   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN   16.4    NaN 
 2005   11.1   19.8    6.5   10.6   19.8 
 2006   19.1   25.5    8.7    8.6   25.5 
 2007   15.2   11.0    8.6   15.1   15.2 
 2008   20.9   24.1   18.8   16.9   24.1 
 2009   15.3   30.3   19.2   21.0   30.3 
 2010   22.2   28.8   18.2   22.3   28.8 
 2011   27.0   27.0   21.5   21.4   27.0 
 2012   34.1   33.5   35.3    NaN   35.3 
 2013   29.4    NaN   38.6   12.4   38.6 
 2014   14.8   22.2   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN   -0.8    NaN 
 2005   -5.2   -4.6   -4.8   -3.7   -6.8 
 2006   -6.5   -1.6   -4.5   -3.7   -4.1 
 2007   -6.2   -8.9   -4.8   -3.1   -5.8 
 2008   -3.1   -1.9   -2.3   -0.4   -2.1 
 2009   -4.4   -0.4    3.4    1.7   -0.0 
 2010    0.1    4.8    2.7    4.0    3.1 
 2011    8.8    7.3    1.8    3.2    6.1 
 2012    8.2   11.5    8.5    NaN   10.3 
 2013   13.3    NaN    4.1   -3.4   -0.6 
 2014   -5.0   -6.2   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    0.0    0.0    0.0  100.0    0.0 
 2005   91.7   98.4   98.5   99.8   98.2 
 2006   92.4   99.5   99.2   99.6   98.1 
 2007   98.6   99.2   99.6   95.3   98.2 
 2008   98.6   99.0   98.1   98.6   98.5 
 2009   98.1   98.8   87.8   93.5   93.6 
 2010   95.7   99.1   95.7   95.6   97.0 
 2011   95.8   94.2   86.2   63.0   84.0 
 2012   86.1   75.0   62.0   15.0   52.4 
 2013   25.2   11.4   51.6   94.4   53.4 
 2014   94.4   94.1   



Table 2h. Statistical summaries of soil moisture data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Site name:  Piksiksak 
Variable:   Soil moisture, in water fraction by volume 
  
File name:                 AK113_Smoist_sea_stats.txt 
Date of file preparation:  26 Aug 2015 
Name of file preparer:     Frank Urban 
  
Seasonal/Annual Averages: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.28    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN   0.34   0.22    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN   0.28   0.28    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN   0.19   0.14    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN   0.22   0.19    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN   0.15   0.20    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN   0.14   0.15    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN   0.16   0.20    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN   0.10   0.21    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN   0.19   0.26    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN   
  
Minimum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.05    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN   0.06   0.01    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.03    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.01    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.02    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN   0.03   0.01    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.03    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN   0.04   0.01    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.02    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN   0.02   0.02    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN   
  
Maximum Value Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.37    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN   0.38   0.38    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN   0.40   0.39    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN   0.26   0.25    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN   0.36   0.30    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN   0.40   0.40    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN   0.24   0.27    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN   0.32   0.40    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN   0.16   0.40    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN   0.40   0.39    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN   
  
Anomaly Relative to the Climatological Mean: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004    NaN    NaN    NaN   0.07    NaN 
 2005    NaN    NaN   0.15   0.00    NaN 
 2006    NaN    NaN   0.08   0.07    NaN 
 2007    NaN    NaN  -0.00  -0.07    NaN 
 2008    NaN    NaN   0.02  -0.02    NaN 
 2009    NaN    NaN  -0.04  -0.02    NaN 
 2010    NaN    NaN  -0.06  -0.07    NaN 
 2011    NaN    NaN  -0.04  -0.01    NaN 
 2012    NaN    NaN  -0.09  -0.01    NaN 
 2013    NaN    NaN  -0.01   0.04    NaN 
 2014    NaN    NaN   
  
Percent of Data Available during Each Season/Year: 
  
 Year WINTER SPRING SUMMER AUTUMN ANNUAL 
  
 2004   0.00   0.00   0.00 100.00   0.00 
 2005  44.44  37.50  98.46 100.00  91.47 
 2006  32.92  18.07 100.00 100.00  64.19 
 2007  50.05  45.97  99.95 100.00  72.93 
 2008  29.95  16.26 100.00 100.00  62.65 
 2009  38.70  37.27 100.00 100.00  65.01 
 2010  17.96  15.04 100.00 100.00  60.33 
 2011  25.97  12.23 100.00 100.00  57.02 
 2012  15.25  14.58  99.59 100.00  57.75 
 2013  17.04  10.73  99.77 100.00  57.92 
 2014  20.83  31.88   



Table 2i. Statistical summaries of surface pressure data at seasonal and annual resolution. Average, minimum, maximum, anomaly, and percentage of data available. Anomalies are calculated relative to the entire available period of record for the given site. 95 percent of the data must be available in order to calculate statistics. Periods with less than the 95 percent requirement are represented by NaN (not a number).

Data for this station is not available

First posted March 4, 2016


For additional information contact:
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U.S. Geological Survey
Box 25046, Mail Stop 980
Denver, CO 80225
http://gec.cr.usgs.gov/

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