DS 234: Isostatic Gravity Map
The colors on this isostatic residual gravity map (Bankey and others, 1995) reflect variations in the Earth's gravity field caused by density variations in the rocks composing the upper part of the Earth's crust. An isostatic residual gravity grid was derived from the complete Bouguer gravity anomaly data by removing the gravitational effect of the compensating mass that supports topographic loads. The thickness of this compensating mass was calculated using averaged digital topography by assuming a crustal thickness for sea-level topography of 25 km, a crustal density of 2.67 gm/cc, and a density contrast between the crust and upper mantle of 0.40 gm/cc. The anomalies and patterns on the map reveal features of subsurface geology, including the location of buried faults, sedimentary basins, plutons, uplifted basement rocks, and so forth. The more positive anomalies (red colors) delineate rocks more dense than the Bouguer reduction density of 2.67 gm/cc, whereas the more negative anomalies (blue colors) result from rocks of lower density. The color scale used to create this image is non-linear to best represent the range of values. The source of the station information is the 1997 USGS publication Digital Data Series DDS-42 by David A. Ponce. Contact David Ponce for availability of these and any updated station data as well as reduction details for Nevada gravity. This compilation does not include any unpublished data.
The grid for this map is available from the data directory as grviso.grd
Posted December 2006
For more information about this report contact: Bob Kucks