Joint Agency Commercial Imagery Evaluation (JACIE) Best Practices for Remote Sensing System Evaluation and Reporting

Open-File Report 2024-1023
By:  and 


Executive Summary

The Joint Agency Commercial Imagery Evaluation (JACIE) partnership consists of six agencies representing the U.S. Government’s commitment to promoting the use of high-quality remotely sensed data to meet scientific and other Federal needs. These agencies are large consumers of remotely sensed data and bring extensive experience in the assessment and use of these data. The six agencies are as follows: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Geological Survey, and National Reconnaissance Office.

JACIE was formed in 2001 to assess the quality of data from the nascent commercial high-resolution satellite industry. Since then, JACIE has expanded its purview to include data at various resolutions, including commercial and civil.

The processes and techniques used by the JACIE agencies to assess data quality have been compiled within this report to share them across the agencies and with others who want to assess remotely sensed imagery data or understand how data are assessed and reported by JACIE.

Suggested Citation

Cantrell, S.J., and Christopherson, J.B., 2024, Joint Agency Commercial Imagery Evaluation (JACIE) best practices for remote sensing system evaluation and reporting: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2024–1023, 26 p.,

ISSN: 2331-1258 (online)

Table of Contents

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Overview
  • Pre- and Post-Launch Testing and Reporting
  • Qualities—Measuring and Reporting
  • Artifacts
  • Summary
  • References Cited
  • Appendix 1. National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy Worksheet
  • Appendix 2. Signal-to-Noise Ratio Estimation
  • Appendix 3. Example Spectral Response Curve
  • Appendix 4. Example Geometric Accuracy Report
  • Appendix 5. Calibration and Validation Tools
  • Appendix 6. How to Obtain Exoatmospheric Spectral Irradiances (ESUN) Values
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Joint Agency Commercial Imagery Evaluation (JACIE) best practices for remote sensing system evaluation and reporting
Series title Open-File Report
Series number 2024-1023
DOI 10.3133/ofr20241023
Year Published 2024
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
Description vi, 26 p.
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details