Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964, at Valdez, Alaska

Professional Paper 542-C
By:  and 



Valdez is situated on the seaward edge of a large outwash delta composed of a thick section of saturated silty sand and gravel. The earthquake of March 27, 1964, triggered a massive submarine slide, involving approximately 98 million cubic yards of material that destroyed the harbor facilities and nearshore installations. Waves generated by the slide and subsequent strong seiches did additional damage in the downtown area. Stresses generated by the seismic shocks and the slide developed an extensive system of fissures throughout the unconsolidated deposits at the head of the fiord. These fissures plus the shocks caused structural damage to many of the buildings in Valdez and destroyed the sewer and water systems. Removal of support from the face of the delta by submarine sliding allowed some of the material to move seaward and caused parts of the shore area to subside below high-tide level.

A site for relocating the town of Valdez has been designated. It is situated on the Mineral Creek fan--an area underlain by coarse alluvial gravel. This relocation site is protected from sea waves by a series of bedrock ridges and islands that also provide a resistant buttress retaining and protecting the toe of the fan from danger of sliding or slumping. The absence of evidence of ground breakage on the Mineral Creek fan indicates that the coarse subsoils at the relocation site react favorably under seismic conditions.

Study Area

Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Effects of the earthquake of March 27, 1964, at Valdez, Alaska
Series title Professional Paper
Series number 542
Chapter C
DOI 10.3133/pp542C
Year Published 1966
Language English
Publisher U.S. Government Printing Office
Publisher location Washington, DC
Contributing office(s) Menlo ParkCalif. Office-Earthquake Science Center
Description Report: viii, 36 p.; 3 Plates: 38.5 x 23.76 inches or smaller
Larger Work Type Report
Larger Work Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Larger Work Title The Alaska earthquake, March 27, 1964: Effects on communities (Professional Paper 542)
Country United States
State Alaska
City Valdez
Scale 6000
Additional Online Files (Y/N) Y
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details