Geologic map of the Rio Rico and Nogales 7.5’ quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona

Scientific Investigations Map 3354
By: , and 



The Rio Rico and Nogales (Arizona) 1:24,000-scale quadrangles are located in the Basin and Range Province of southern Arizona, and the southern edge of the map is the international border with Sonora, Mexico.  The major urban area is Nogales, a bi-national city known as “the gateway to Mexico.”  Rocks exposed in the map area range in age from Jurassic through Quaternary.  Major physiographic, geologic, and hydrologic features in the map area include the southern San Cayetano Mountains, Grosvenor Hills, and Sonoita Creek in the northern part, and Mount Benedict and the Mount Benedict horst block in the southcentral part. The horst block is bounded by the Santa Cruz River on the east and Nogales Wash on the west.

The objectives of our mapping were to define the geologic framework for the Nogales area and the upper Santa Cruz basin to support ongoing multidisciplinary projects. This new work will improve understanding of the Nogales Formation to more fully assess its groundwater resource potential. We significantly revised the Miocene Nogales Formation based on geologic mapping combined with new geochronologic, geophysical, and petrographic studies. 

Suggested Citation

Page, W.R., Menges, C.M., Gray, Floyd, Berry, M.E., Bultman, M.W., Cosca, M.A., and VanSistine, D.P., 2016, Geologic map of the Rio Rico and Nogales 7.5’ quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3354, 32 p. pamphlet, 2 sheets, scale 1:24,000,

ISSN: 2329-132X (online)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Description of Map Units
  • Stratigraphy
  • Structure
  • Summary
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Cited
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Geologic map of the Rio Rico and Nogales 7.5’ quadrangles, Santa Cruz County, Arizona
Series title Scientific Investigations Map
Series number 3354
DOI 10.3133/sim3354
Year Published 2016
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center
Description Pamphlet: v, 32 p.; 3 Sheets: 37.93 x 40.26 inches or smaller; Appendix; Metadata: text, xml; Read Me; Spatial Data: Base maps, Geodatabase, Shapefiles.
Country United States
State Arizona
County Santa Cruz County
Other Geospatial Rio Rico and Nogales 7.5' Quadrangles
Online Only (Y/N) Y
Additional Online Files (Y/N) Y
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details