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Section 5: Remote sensing of vegetation in the riparian corridor of the Colorado River’s delta 2013-2018
Pamela L. Nagler, Armando Barreto-Munoz, Christopher J. Jarchow, Kamel Didan
2022, Report, Minute 323: Colorado River limitrophe and delta environmental flows monitoring interim report for 2018
This remote sensing section is based on Nagler et al. (in preparation for the journal Hydrological Processes) and is a summary of the USGS preliminary findings to date. This report documents the changes in green foliage density (greenness) as measured by satellite vegetation index (VI) data and corresponding evapotranspiration (ET)...
Special issue: Landsat update 50th anniversary
Andrea Lloyd
2022, Newsletter
Landsat Updates are prepared periodically and distributed electronically to provide information about Landsat activities and related topics of interest. This update highlights some of the articles and media that the USGS has developed over the last few months as well as upcoming events....
Fifty years of Landsat science and impacts
Michael A. Wulder, David P. Roy, Volker C. Radeloff, Thomas Loveland, Martha C. Anderson, David M. Johnson, Sean Healey, Zhe Zhu, Theodore A. Scambos, Nima Pahlevan, Matthew Hansen, Noel Gorelick, Christopher J. Crawford, Jeffery G. Masek, Txomin Hermosilla, JoAnn C. White, Alan S. Belward, Crystal Schaaf, Curtis E. Woodcock, Justin L. Huntington, Leo Lymburner, Patrick Hostert, Feng Gao, Alexi Lyapustin, Jean-Francois Pekel, Peter Strobl, Eric Vermote, Bruce D. Cook
2022, Remote Sensing of Environment (280)
Since 1972, the Landsat program has been continually monitoring the Earth, to now provide 50 years of digital, multispectral, medium spatial resolution observations. Over this time, Landsat data were crucial for many scientific and technical advances. Prior to the Landsat program, detailed, synoptic depictions of the Earth's surface were rare, and the ability to acquire...
Mississippi and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3062
Mississippi holds a significant place in the cultural and economic history of the United States. For example, the Magnolia State was a hotbed for the Delta blues, an early 20th century musical genre with tremendous cultural effects in the United States and around the world. The “Delta” in Delta blues...
Alabama and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3060
Alabama’s warm climate and rich soil bolster its agriculture and timber industries, but they also offer ideal conditions for natural playgrounds, enjoyed by humans and the wildlife that call the open green spaces home. Alabama has 21 State parks and 11 national parks, monuments, and trails across its diverse geography.Cotton...
Tennessee and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3063
From the flat, rich soil of western Tennessee to the Appalachian Mountains in the east, and rolling hills in between, “the Volunteer State” enjoys a wealth of natural resources.The Tennessee, Cumberland, and Mississippi Rivers supply economically crucial navigation routes, along with recreation for residents and visitors. Additionally, 14 million acres...
Rhode Island and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3065
Rhode Island is an oasis of natural calm surrounded by heavily urbanized East Coast areas, which may explain why the smallest State in the United States is such a popular tourist destination for residents of New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey, or perhaps its popularity is a measure of the...
Delaware and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3064
Delaware’s status as the first State to ratify the U.S. Constitution is a well-known point of pride. “The First State” is among Delaware’s nicknames, alongside “the Blue Hen State,” “the Diamond State,” and “the Small Wonder,” the last of which relates to Delaware’s diminutive land area—larger only than Rhode Island. Less...
Louisiana and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3059
Louisiana holds a unique historical, economic, and cultural position in the national consciousness. Its off-shore oil operations help fuel the U.S. economy. The Port of South Louisiana is the busiest in the United States by cargo volume; the nearby Port of New Orleans is the sixth busiest. The former French...
Iowa and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3061
Iowa is famous for plenty of reasons—its State Fair butter sculptures, its first-in-the-Nation presidential caucuses, and the Iowa Hawkeyes football team, whose mascot doubles as the State nickname—but “corn” might be the first word to cross the mind of a non-Iowan.Iowa consistently leads the United States in corn production and...
New Hampshire and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3058
At its widest point, a mere 80 miles separate the eastern and western borders of New Hampshire. Its northern and southern borders are just 175 miles apart. Even so, few States can boast as much rugged natural beauty per mile as the Nation’s fifth smallest.Nestled within New Hampshire are 93...
Kansas and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3057
Kansas seems synonymous with agriculture, and rightly so—87 percent of Kansas land is devoted to it. As a key contributor to the State’s economy, agriculture makes Kansas one of the top producers of wheat, grain sorghum, and cattle in the country, but the State at the geographic center of the...
Nebraska and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3056
The rolling plains of Nebraska occupy a storied place in the American psyche. For those living outside the Midwest, the Cornhusker State may be seen as a symbol of the Nation’s heartland, cropped border to border, with country churches and barely standing barns to be found around every turn of...
Wisconsin and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3055
Wisconsin could be called a State of icons, and many of the icons can trace their roots to the abundant resources within its four borders. Big beer companies in Milwaukee that began in the 1800s made their beer from water from nearby lakes and rivers, kept it cool with ice...
New Jersey and Landsat
Water Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3054
New Jersey ranks among the smallest of States but packs a lot within its borders. Of course, that includes the more than 9 million people who make it the most densely populated State, but it also includes diverse landscapes. Ranging from Atlantic Ocean barrier islands and beaches to the Appalachian...
North Dakota and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3053
The State of North Dakota once did not figure prominently in the Nation’s economy. The sparsely populated State supported food production, and hunters and anglers were drawn to its lakes, rivers, and wide-open spaces, but its economy was overshadowed by that of other States. However, the State and its prairie...
Indiana and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3049
Natural resources have always been a strength for Indiana. Once largely covered by forest, the State now includes a mix of forest, farmland, wetlands, and small lakes. In fact, farms and forested areas make up more than 80 percent of the land. The Ohio River forms the southern border, and...
Multiple agricultural cropland products of South Asia developed using Landsat-8 30 m and MODIS 250 m data using machine learning on the Google Earth Engine (GEE) cloud and spectral matching techniques (SMTs) in support of food and water security
Murali Krishna Gumma, Prasad Thenkabail, Pranay Panjala, Pardhasaradhi Teluguntla, Takashi Yamano, Ismail Mohammad
2022, GIScience & Remote Sensing (59) 1048-1077
Cropland products are of great importance in water and food security assessments, especially in South Asia, which is home to nearly 2 billion people and 230 million hectares of net cropland area. In South Asia, croplands account for about 90% of all human water use. Cropland extent, cropping intensity, crop...
Effect of restoration on plant greenness and water use in relation to drought in the riparian corridor of the Colorado River delta
Pamela L. Nagler, Ibrahima Sall, Armando Barreto-Muñoz, Martha Gómez-Sapiens, Hamideh Nouri, Sattar Chavoshi Borujeni, Kamel Didan
2022, Journal of the American Water Resource Association (JAWRA) (58) 746-784
Revitalization of the Colorado River delta riparian corridor and increasing riparian plant greenness and water use may be accomplished by added water and restoration efforts to offset declines measured since 2000 by Landsat. We use the two-band Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI2; a proxy for greenness) and evapotranspiration (ET, mm/day) using...
Connecticut and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3045
Connecticut, the third-smallest State by land area, is the fourth most densely populated in the United States. Connecticut’s tightly packed cities serve as international hubs for the finance and insurance industries. These same urban enclaves host highly regarded institutions of higher learning, such as Yale, the University of Connecticut, and...
West Virginia and Landsat
U.S. Geological Survey
2022, Fact Sheet 2022-3044
Many may recall “Take Me Home, Country Roads,” made famous by John Denver, leads with the lyric “almost heaven, West Virginia, Blue Ridge Mountains, Shenandoah River.” The descriptors are apt. Nicknamed the “Mountain State,” West Virginia inspires thoughts of coal mining or logging in the Appalachian Mountains and valleys, or...
Medium spatial resolution mapping of global land cover and land cover change across multiple decades from Landsat
Mark A. Friedl, Curtis E. Woodcock, Pontus Olofsson, Zhe Zhu, Thomas R. Loveland, Radost Stanimirova, Paulo Arevalo, Eric L. Bullock, Kai-Ting Hu, Yingtong Zhang, Konrad Turlej, Katelyn Tarrio, McAvoy Kristina, Noel Gorelick, Jonathan A. Wang, Christopher Barber, Carlos Souza Jr.
2022, Frontiers in Remote Sensing (3)
Land cover maps are essential for characterizing the biophysical properties of the Earth’s land areas. Because land cover information synthesizes a rich array of information related to both the ecological condition of land areas and their exploitation by humans, they are widely used for basic and applied research that requires...
Satellite remote sensing of crop water use across the Missouri River Basin for 1986–2018 period
Arun Bawa, Gabriel B. Senay, Sandeep Kumar
2022, Agricultural Water Management (271)
Understanding historical crop water use (CWU) dynamics is important to improve land and water management. In this study, well-validated (coefficient of determination = 0.91, percent bias = 4%, and percent root mean square error = 11.8%) Landsat-based actual evapotranspiration (ETa) time-series estimations were used...
River bathymetry retrieval from Landsat-9 images based on neural networks and comparison to SuperDove and Sentinel-2
Milad Niroumand-Jadidi, Carl J. Legleiter, Francesca Bovolo
2022, Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observation and Remote Sensing (15) 5250-5260
The Landsat mission has kept an eye on our planet, including water bodies, for 50 years. With the launch of Landsat-9 and its onboard Operational Land Imager 2 (OLI-2) in September 2021, more subtle variations in brightness (14-bit dynamic range) can be captured than previous sensors...
Remote sensing of field-scale irrigation withdrawals in the central Ogallala aquifer region
Steven S Filippelli, Matthew R Sloggy, Jody C. Vogeler, Dale T Manning, Christopher Goemans, Gabriel B. Senay
2022, Agricultural Water Management (271)
For agricultural areas facing water scarcity, sustainable water use policy relies on irrigation information that is timely and at a high resolution, but existing publicly available water use data are often insufficient for monitoring compliance or understanding the influence of policy on individual farmer decisions. This study attempts to fill...