Eruptions of Hawaiian Volcanoes:

Past, Present, and Future

Robert I. Tilling
Christina Heliker, and
Thomas L. Wright
Eruption of Kilauea Volcano, as viewed the dawn of January 30, 1974. Overflows from an active lava lake spill down the flank of the volcanic shield at Mauna Ulu, built by many such overflows since 1969. The height of this shield was nearly 400 feet when the Mauna Ulu eruptions ended in July 1974. (Photograph by Robert I. Tilling.)
Eruption of Kilauea
Cover photograph: Lava cascades fed by fountains at vent (skyline) fall more than 75 feet to fill Aloi Crater during the 1969-71 Mauna Ulu eruption of Kilauea Volcano. (Photograph by Donald A. Swanson.) First Printing, 1987.
Special thanks go to Taeko Jane Takahashi and J.D. Griggs, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, for assistance with photography selection and to Martha Kiger for graphics design.


Preface 4 Introduction 5 Origin of the Hawaiian Islands 7 Hawaiian Eruptions in Recorded History 13 Volcano Monitoring and Research 16 Kilauea's Volcanic "Plumbing System" 24 Eruptive Style: Powerful but Usually Benign 26 Hawaiian Volcanic Products, Landforms, and Structures 37 Loihi: Hawaii's Newest Volcano 45 Volcanic Hazards and Benefits 47 Selected Readings 52 Selected Viewings 53 Endnotes 55

The online edition contains all text from the original book in its entirety. Some figures, however, have been modified to enhance legibility at screen resolutions.

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Maintained by John Watson
Updated 05.01.97