Geologic Map of the State of Hawaiʻi

Scientific Investigations Map 3143
By: , and 



This geologic map and its digital databases present the geology of the eight major islands of the State of Hawaiʻi. The map should serve as a useful guide to anyone studying the geologic setting and history of Hawai‘i, including ground- and surface-water resources, economic deposits, and landslide or volcanic hazards. Its presentation in digital format allows the rapid application of geologic knowledge when conducting field work; analyzing land-use or engineering problems; studying onshore or nearshore biologic communities; or simply understanding the relation between the geology, scenery, and cultural history of the Hawaiian paradise.

The map includes a Description of Map Units, which describes the lithologic characteristics and distribution of the geologic deposits. A Correlation of Map Units shows how the different geologic formations are related to each other stratigraphically. A fairly complete geospatial database of the radiometric ages and geochemical analyses has been compiled from findings published over the past 100 years by numerous Earth scientists working across the island chain.

Suggested Citation

Sherrod, D.R., Sinton, J.M., Watkins, S.E., and Brunt, K.M., 2021, Geologic map of the State of Hawaiʻi: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3143, pamphlet 72 p., 5 sheets, scales 1:100,000 and 1:250,000,

ISSN: 2329-132X (online)

ISSN: 2329-1311 (print)

Study Area

Table of Contents

  • About This Map  
  • Sources of Mapping, Methods of Compilation, Origin of Stratigraphic Names, and Divisions of the Geologic Time Scale
  • Map Accuracy
  • Radiometric Ages and Geochemistry
  • About Spelling
  • Island Growth in Review
  • Summary of Island Geology  
  • Description of Map Units  
  • Acknowledgments  
  • References Cited  
  • Appendix
Publication type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Title Geologic map of the State of Hawaii
Series title Scientific Investigations Map
Series number 3143
DOI 10.3133/sim3143
Year Published 2021
Language English
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Publisher location Reston, VA
Contributing office(s) Volcano Science Center
Description Report: v, 72 p.; 5 Sheets: 46.33 × 30.89 inches or smaller; Data Release
Country United States
State Hawaii
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) Y
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
Additional publication details