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U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1351

USGS Cold-Water Coral Geographic Database—Gulf of Mexico and Western North Atlantic Ocean, Version 1.0

Appendix 1: Citations of Data Sources

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Data from the following sources were used to populate the CoWCoG Database.  All data exported from the database will include citations that refer to the appropriate source in this list.

Avent, R. M., King, M. E., and Gore, R. H., 1977, Topographic and faunal studies of shelf-edge prominences off the central eastern Florida coast:  Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, v. 62, no. 2, p. 185-208.

Brooke, Sandra and Young, C. M., 2003, Reproductive ecology of a deep-water scleractinian coral, Oculina varicosa, from the southeast Florida shelf: Continental Shelf Research, v. 23, p. 847-858.

Brooke, Sandra, 2003, written communication.

Cairns, S. D., 1976, Review of the deep-water ahermatypic corals (Scleractinia) of the tropical western Atlantic: Miami, University of Miami, Ph.D. Dissertation, 316 p.

Cairns, S. D., 1977, A review of the Recent species of Balanophyllia (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) in the western Atlantic, with descriptions of four new species: Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. v. 90, no. 1, p. 132-148, 4 pls.

Cairns, S. D., 1978, A checklist of the ahermatypic scleractinia of the Gulf of Mexico, with the description of a new species: Gulf Research Reports, v. 6, no. 1, p. 9-15.

Cairns, S. D., 1979, The deep-water Scleractinia of the Caribbean Sea and adjacent waters—studies on the fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands: The Hague, Societas Investigatrix Historiae Naturalis Surinamae et Antillarum Neerlandicarum, v. 180, p. 1-341.

Cairns, S. D., Opresko, D. M., Hopkins, T. S., and Schroeder, W.W., 1993, New records of deep-water Cnidaria (Scleractinia and Antipatharia) from the Gulf of Mexico: Northeast Gulf Science, v. 13. no. 1, p. 1-11.

Deichmann, Elisabeth, 1936, The Alcyonaria of the western part of the Atlantic Ocean:  Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, v. 53, 317 p.

George, R. Y., 2002, Ben Franklin temperate reef and deep sea 'Agassiz Coral Hills' in the Blake Plateau off North Carolina: Hydrobiologia, v. 471, p. 71-81.

Hecker, Barbara, Blechschmidt, Gretchen, and Gibson, Patricia, 1980, Epifaunal zonation and community structure in three mid- and north Atlantic canyons—final report for the canyon assessment study in the mid- and north Atlantic areas of the U.S. outer continental shelf: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management Monograph, 139 p.

Messing, C. G., Neuman, A. C., and Lang, J. C., 1990, Biozonation of deep-water lithoherms and associated hardgrounds in the northeastern Straits of Florida: Palaios, v. 5, p. 15-33.

Moore, D. R., and Bullis, H. R., Jr., 1960, A deep-water coral reef in the Gulf of Mexico: Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean, v. 10, p. 125-128.

National Museum of Natural History Collection, Search IZ Collections: accessed in July, 2007 at

Newton, C. R., Mullins, H. T., Gardulski, A. F., Hine, A. C., and Dix, G. R., 1987, Coral mounds on the West Florida Slope—unanswered questions regarding the development of deep-water corals: Palaios, v. 2, p. 359-367.

Opresko, D. M., and Cairns, S. D., 1992, New species of black coral (Cnidaria: Antipatharia) from the northern Gulf of Mexico: Northeast Gulf Science, v. 12, no. 2, p. 93-97.

Reed, J. K., 1980, Distribution and structure of deep-water Oculina varicosa coral reefs off central eastern Florida: Bulletin of Marine Science, v. 30, no. 3, p. 667-677.

Reed, J. K., Pomponi, S. A., Weaver, Doug, Paull, C. K., and Wright, A. E., 2005, Deep-water sinkholes and bioherms of South Florida and the Pourtales Terrace—Habitat and Fauna: Bulletin of Marine Science, v. 77, no. 2, p. 267-296.

Reed, J. K., Weaver, D. C., and Pomponi, S. A., 2006, Habitat and fauna of deep-water Lophelia pertusa coral reefs off the southeastern U.S.—Blake Plateau, Straits of Florida, and Gulf of Mexico: Bulletin of Marine Science, v. 78, no. 2, p. 343-375.

Scanlon, Kathryn M., 2005, unpublished data.

Schroeder, W.W., 2002, Observations of Lophelia pertusa and the surficial geology at a deep-water site in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico: Hydrobiologia, v. 471, p. 29-33.

Schroeder, W. W., Brooke, S. D., Olson, J.B., Phaneuf, Brett, McDonough, J. J., III, and
Etnoyer, Peter, 2005, Occurrence of deep-water Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata in the Gulf of Mexico, in Freiwald, Andre, and Roberts, J. M., eds., 2005, Cold-water corals and ecosystems: Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 297-307.

U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1887, Report of the Commissioner for 1885 —A. Inquiry into the decrease of food-fishes, and B. The propagation of food-fishes in the waters of the United States: Government Printing Office, Washington D.C., 1108 p.

Viada, S. T., and Cairns, S. D., 1987, Range extensions of ahermatypic Scleractinia in the Gulf of Mexico: Northeast Gulf Science, v. 9, no. 2, p. 131-134.

Watling, L., and Auster, P. J., 2005, Distribution of deepwater Alcyonacea off the northeast coast of the United States, in Freiwald, Andre, and Roberts, J. M., eds., 2005, Cold-water corals and ecosystems:ß Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 279-296. 

Watling, L., Auster, P.J., Babb, I., Skinder, C., and Hecker, B., 2003, A geographic database of deepwater alcyonaceans of the northeastern U.S. continental shelf and slope:  Groton, National Undersea Research Center, University of Connecticut, Version 1.0 CD-ROM. 

Williams, B., Risk, M. J., Ross, S. W., and Sulak, K. J., 2006, Deep-water antipatharians—Proxies of environmental change: Geology, v. 34, no. 9, p. 773-776.

Yale University Peabody Museum Collection, Yale Invertebrate Zoology—Online Catalog: accessed July 2007 at

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