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Open-File Report 2014–1018


Sea-Floor Geology in Northwestern Block Island Sound, Rhode Island


Introduction

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Thumbnail image of figure 1 and link to larger figure. A map showing the study area in relation to other survey areas in the region.
Figure 1. Map showing the location of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration survey H12296 offshore of Rhode Island.

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is working in cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to study the sea floor along the northeast coast of the United States, specifically along the coasts of New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts. Multibeam-echosounder (MBES) and sidescan-sonar data, collected by NOAA to update hydrographic charts, can be used along with sediment samples and still and video photography of the sea floor, collected by the USGS, to interpret the sea-floor features and sedimentary environments. The present study area is based on NOAA hydrographic survey H12296 in northwestern Block Island Sound, and covers 69 square kilometers (km²) of the sea floor offshore of Rhode Island from Watch Hill to Green Hill (fig. 1). The purpose of this report is (1) to interpret and delineate the features and sediments on the sea floor, and (2) to make the compiled MBES, sidescan-sonar, sediment, and photographic data available to the public. These datasets also serve as base maps for resource management and benthic studies.

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