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Coastal & Marine Geology Program > Center for Coastal & Watershed Studies > Professional Paper 1751

Systematic Mapping of Bedrock and Habitats along the Florida Reef Tract—Central Key Largo to Halfmoon Shoal (Gulf of Mexico)

USGS Professional Paper 1751

by Barbara H. Lidz, Christopher D. Reich, and Eugene A. Shinn

Introduction:
Table of Contents
Project Overview
Project Objective
Geologic Setting
Primary Datasets
Primary Products - Overview Maps & Evolution Overview:
Bedrock Surface map.
Introduction
Depth to Pleistocene Bedrock Surface
Reef & Sediment Thickness
Benthic Ecosystems & Environments
Sedimentary Grains in 1989
Summary Illustration Index Map
Evolution Overview
Tile-by-Tile Analysis
Satellite image of the Florida Keys showing location of tiles.
Organization of Report
Tiles: 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7/8, 9/10,
11
Summary
Acknowledg-
ments
References
Disclaimer
Related
Publications

Organization of Report

Tile-by-Tile Analysis: To examine more closely specific aspects of the geologic record and modern environment summarized in the opening overview, the elongate area of the Florida reef tract was divided into 11 geographic sectors, referred to as tiles (Fig. 20A). For discussion purposes, where little research has been done in two adjacent sectors, those areas are considered in the tile-by-tile analysis as one (i.e., Tile 7/8 and Tile 9/10).

Figure 20. (A) Landsat satellite image of south Florida shows individual tile boundaries (blue rectangles) of this regional study in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. (B) Index map shows locations of named reefs and shoals in the upper Keys and northeastern middle Keys, delineated by dashed lines. (C) Index map shows locations of named reefs and shoals in the western middle and lower Keys, delineated by dashed lines. Most named reefs and shoals were once historic islands. Sanctuary boundary is in red; shelf margin is in blue. Contours are in meters. [larger version]
Landsat satellite image of south Florida shows individual tile boundaries (blue rectangles) of this regional study in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary.
Index map shows locations of named reefs and shoals in the upper Keys and northeastern middle Keys, delineated by dashed lines.
Index map shows locations of named reefs and shoals in the western middle and lower Keys, delineated by dashed lines.

The overview maps for bedrock surface, sediment thickness, benthic ecosystems, and sedimentary grains are intended to provide a regional perspective of broad geologic trends. The importance, quantity, and close spacing of details on the benthic ecosystems map required that it be split into enlarged map tiles for close inspection. The map tiles are at a scale of 1:24,000 and correspond to the 11 geographic sectors. The scale was based on the Lidz et al. (1997a) published map for the area off Key Largo.

In the tile-by-tile analysis, discussion of research in most cases is organized under three headings: Geography, Sector-Specific Studies, and Geologic Highlights (see Table of Contents). The Geography section includes latitudinal and longitudinal coordinates (degrees, minutes, seconds) of the geographic sector and its corresponding benthic ecosystems map, and a listing of major onshore and offshore geographic sites within that sector. The Sector-Specific Studies section examines research conducted within that geographic area of the reef tract. The Geologic Highlights section addresses the individual geographic sites.

Exceptions to the three-heading format are in Tile 7/8 and Tile 11, where sector-specific studies are more suitable to discussion of geologic highlights. Tile 7/8 also encompasses the westernmost end of the Florida Keys chain and its nearby reefs. In keeping with the geographic end-of-the-keys theme, the Tile 7/8 discussion has five additional headings that address subjects pertinent to the regional area of the keys and their reefs as a whole: Natural Stressors, Margin Evolution, Flooding the Florida Shelf, Addendum, and Ephemeral Islands and Lighthouses. The Addendum section addresses the new aspects of the geologic record that were recognized after completion of this report. The Summary page links studies on modern reefs to the rock record and returns to the condition—and fate—of the present, declining, reef system.

Coastal & Marine Geology Program > Center for Coastal & Watershed Studies > Professional Paper 1751

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